For the school-age children, depression is considered to be the one of the most undertreated and overlooked disorder, which presents a serious problem for mental health. Due to lots of emotional forms and relationship to the self-destructive behavior, such disorder as depression in children became the important issue in many types of research. By the way, it is studied by the school psychologists, who pay so much attention to this important and serious issue. They are responsible for this because only these specialists have all the opportunities to identify, refer and treat the children with depression. And if parents see children just for few hours at home, psychologists can look at them during the days at school. It is necessary because children are in the common conditions with their classmates, but have different behavior, mood and attitude to everything. Educated and experienced psychologists need to identify the symptoms of depression in students to avoid letting the children struggle with this terrible disorder. But the situation is not as bad as it may seem to be. As statistic shows, there is approximately 80-90% chance of the improvement if the person, in our case it is a child, receive professional treatment. From the other hand, when the depression is not identified and treated in a proper way, there will be the serious cases of the depression in childhood. Later this disorder can have the negative impact on all the aspects of the relationship, development of personality, education progress and even family life.
Before the 1990’s years, no one has ever known about the existence of depression in the children of school-age. Considering the past of this disorder, we may say that only adults struggled with depression. But even when the children had such problem, it differed cardinally from that one which adults had. Experienced psychologist of the psychoanalytic orientation considered that children had no opportunity to become depressed because of their inadequately developed superegos. Later Payette and Clarizio have found that depressed adults and depressed school-age children have the common symptoms of the mental disease. In addition, there are just a few minimal differences between these categories of patients were found. The specialists included the assumption that with depression of children and irritable mood plays the role as a substitute for the criterion mood of depressed school-aged children.
For the school-age children, depression is considered to be the one of the most undertreated and overlooked disorder, which presents a serious problem for mental health. Due to lots of emotional forms and relationship to the self-destructive behavior, such disorder as depression in children became the important issue in many types of research.