The functionalist theory mainly focuses on the ways that universal education serves the very needs of today’s society. Functionalists first consider education in its manifest role. So, it’s conveying basic knowledge as well as skills to the next generation. The founder of functionalist theory, Durkheim clearly identified the latent role of education as one of socializing folks into the mainstream of society. This moral education, as he dubbed it, helped to shape a more‐cohesive social structure by simply bringing together folks from diverse backgrounds, that echoes the historical concern of so-called Americanizing immigrants.
Functionalists generally point to other latent roles of education, including transmission of core values as well as social control. Apparently, the core values in American education reflect mostly those characteristics, supporting the political as well as economic systems, which originally drove education. Thus, kids in America obtain rewards for following directions, following schedules, meeting deadlines, and also obeying authority.
Individualism happens to be the most crucial value permeating the American classroom. The given ideology justifies the liberty rights and independent action of the individual. Unlike Chinese and Japanese rivals, American learners grasp early that society seeks out and reveres the best human being, whether that particular individual gets the best score on a test or the most points on the basketball court. Even collaborative activities are used to focusing on the leader, and team sports normally single out the one most effective player of the year.
The carefully constructed curriculum assists learners in developing their identities and self‐esteem. On the other hand, Japanese learners, in a culture, which appreciates community in place of individuality, learn to be ashamed if somebody singles them out, and learn mostly social esteem—how to bring honor to the group, instead to themselves.
In fact, when attending school in a capitalist nation, American learners also quickly realize the whole importance of competition, through competitive learning games in the classroom, and via activities as well as athletics outside the classroom. Some kind of reward normally motivates them to play, so they learn early to associate winning exactly with possessing.
The functionalist theory mainly focuses on the ways that universal education serves the very needs of today’s society. Functionalists first consider education in its manifest role. So, it’s conveying basic knowledge as well as skills to the next generation.