There are lots of illnesses in the world, but there is some which is not studied well. The culture-bound syndromes are the diverse set of illness phenomena that is defined as locality-specific and recurrent patterns of the aberrant behavior and nervous experience. It may or not be linked to the particular diagnostic category DSM-IV. Some of the mentioned patterns of behavior are considered to be like the illness, or at least as afflictions, which in most of the cases have the local names.
Koro is the most important and well-known disorder, which is characterized as culture-specific psychiatric one. Primarily it occurs in the south parts of Asia whose main feature is the acute and anxiety fear of the genital retraction. People, usually men, who suffer from this syndrome which is called Komo, believe that the complete disappearance of the genital organ will lead to the immediate death. Let’s take some examples from life. And, for example, imagine the typical situation when the man goes to urinate in the cold, or when he is upset, has bad emotions and has no mood at all. It often happens because of the frequenting prostitutes or guilt over masturbation, when he is focused on his affair. One more situation is when he fights and quarrels with his wife.
In such cases, the man should attempt for grasping his genitals and prevent them from retracting and use some special but mechanical devices. It can be clamps, small weights, cords and chopsticks. As for the clinical description, this is characterized by the three existed phases.
The first one is called a prodromal phase, the second one is the penile shrinking phase, and the third one is called the recovery phase. This period includes different somatic symptoms, among which are a genital pain, diarrhea, vertigo, and genital numbness. This second phase is marked with the discomfort on urination, which might be accompanied by the panic reactions and the genital numbness. The third phase which is called the recovery phase is characterized by the presence of fears of becoming and having impotence and, of course, genital shrinking.
These symptoms and mentioned phases may strike the same men for few times, one by one, and the epidemics of this disease have been noted as well. In addition, the most famous epidemic of the great Komo took place in Singapore in 1967. But firstly this disorder was discovered in 1895 by Dr. J. C. Blonk who published the report about his studies in the Western medical magazine.
There are lots of illnesses in the world, but there is some which is not studied well. The culture-bound syndromes are the diverse set of illness phenomena that is defined as locality-specific and recurrent patterns of the aberrant behavior and nervous experience. It may or not be linked to the particular diagnostic category DSM-IV.