Lyme disease is a result of getting infected by the special bacterium which is called Borrelia burgdoferi. The transmission occurs when an infected blacklegged tick bites the human skin. Some time after being infected first symptoms arise, they are a headache, fever and special skin rash which is called erythema migrans. This disease must be treated immediately, otherwise, the infection may spread aver the body and strike heart or nervous system, for example. That is why the treatment period is usually held in hospital under the supervision of doctors.
A possibility of being bitten by a tick and having a bite is already a reason to visit a hospital. Thanks to specific symptoms like radial rashes along with nerve pains and arthritis, it makes possible to diagnose the disease properly and to treat carefully. Sometimes, the diagnostic may be complicated by taking an additional laboratory test, which only proves a clinically suspected case. The most wide-spread therapy is taking antibiotics course in the early stages. In such a way, an infected person recovers rapidly and completely. In case if the Lyme disease started to progress again, there is another method that includes a combination of using antibiotics and other long-term treatments. It is important to take measures immediately, because on the later stages Lyme disease may be misdiagnosed with other diseases and the mistake may turn fatal.
The prevention methods are obvious, basically, everything needed is to wear hats, long-sleeved shirts and pants to minimize the contact with ticks and skin. To reduce the risk, it is recommended to check yourself and the clothes regularly. Another risk is a contact with animals, your pet can easily bring infected ticks and put in danger the whole family. That is why, pets also need to be properly checked and washed, sometimes, a visit to a veterinary may be required. Moreover, there is a possibility to get vaccinated to reduce a chance to get infected, however, this practice is rather new and experimental because of side effects with an immune system. The last but not the least is correct tick removal practice. The Society of Clinical Immunology is confident that a removal within 36 hours can decrease chances to be infected crucially. The best way is to freeze the tick rapidly and to remove it carefully.
Lyme disease is a result of getting infected by the special bacterium which is called Borrelia burgdoferi. The transmission occurs when an infected blacklegged tick bites the human skin. Some time after being infected first symptoms arise, they are a headache, fever and special skin rash which is called erythema migrans.