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Plato's Notion Of Justice And How It's Self-Contradicting

A direct successor of Socrates' teachings about justice, law, and the law was his pupil, Plato (427 -. 347 BC). Along with the physical cosmos appears the perfect Cosmos in his teaching. This is the highest world of ideas, staying out of the physical space and time and make up the fundamental principle and essence of all earthly things and phenomena.

The ideal state and reasonable, fair laws are interpreted by Plato as the realization of ideas and the best possible incarnation of the idea of peace in the earth, the political and legal life.

Fruit of Plato's reflections on the state fair is his famous work "The State". Perfect is the only state that is committed to the welfare and justice.

Justice, according to Plato, assumes a certain equality, "appropriate measure". He distinguishes two types of equality; they are "geometric" (equality in dignity and virtues) and "arithmetic" (equality of measure, weight and number). Later this position was developed in Aristotle's doctrine of the two kinds of justice that are known as equalizing and distributing.

Plato divides and develops more naturally and legal status of Socrates that law and justice are one and the same.

The justice system in the Platonic state is specific transformation of Cosmopolis’ laws, that is, a sample of the natural law. But in fact this is the perfect law, that is, speculative construction, which provides answers to questions - what should be the law, what is it the best model. From the world of ideas as the ideal image of the world due to its pure form it should be drawn from the standards and criteria for the terrestrial rights of the people.

According to Plato, the right has two faces that are named the metaphysical and empirical. The metaphysical hypostasis is an ideal "meta-rules" (natural law) as the possibility of a perfect law and an optimal order, empirical - it is a living law, which exists in the social reality, or a positive right. Between them it is established a causal relationship, which must not be interrupted, so as not to harm the state and nation.

There is no ideal rights in real life

In turn, the positive law is only a pale shadow of the perfect law. But this does not mean that the right is not at all ideal. It exists as a set of initial imperatives that meet the highest purpose of human existence and the institutions, in the form of their being clothed.

Thus, many of the provisions of law of Plato had a great influence on the subsequent development of philosophical and legal thought.

A direct successor of Socrates' teachings about justice, law, and the law was his pupil, Plato (427 -. 347 BC). Along with the physical cosmos appears the perfect Cosmos in his teaching. This is the highest world of ideas, staying out of the physical space and time and make up the fundamental principle and essence of all earthly things and phenomena.

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100002828
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CREATED ON
November 7, 2016
COMPLETED ON
November 8, 2016
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$45
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