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A Good Government by Plato

"Laws" ideal state model was redesigned by Plato in his dialogue later.

The second draft of the ideal state of Plato contains 5040 inhabitants. Every citizen conditional gets the land and the house on the right of inheritable possession. Limits of poverty and wealth are limited in order to prevent a social explosion. None of the individuals have the right to own gold or silver, usury, any luxury is excluded. Non-citizens and slaves did not enjoy political rights, and engaged in craft, agriculture and trade. The state is obliged to provide every citizen with a sufficient number of slaves.

Compared with the first perfect state weakens state control over the family and life. However, child-rearing is still exclusively a state matter. All citizens are equal, but are divided into 4 classes (on the level of wealth).

37 knowledgeable elders must be the heads of such a state, and they must be elected through multi-voting. Only rulers make laws that are carried by all citizens except the rulers themselves. Surplus population should refer to the colonies.

The representative body of the state power is the Supreme Council, which has a little power. There is also a National Assembly, which selects the civilian and military leaders of the state. It must be established the collection of Night guarding virtue, consisting of 10 wise custody.

If the "State" of Plato longer relies on the wisdom of the rulers, the "Laws" relies to the fore already laws. So it appears in "Laws" the change of forms of government in the state: Aristocracy - Timocracy - Oligarchy - Democracy - The tyranny - aristocracy.

The best form of government is the aristocracy. Over time, human nature degenerates, there are such things as private property or slavery. Reasonable start is replacing by violent, established timocracy. As there is a concentration of wealth in the hands of one person there is the oligarchy, government is ruled by the few rich people. Society and the state is splited into rich and poor. In the end, the poor people defeat, establishing democracy, it means the People power. People choose their leader demagogue, who establishes soon its tyranny successfully. It is a tyranny, when universal slavery dominates. The worst form of government for Plato - it is tyranny. But then there are good people, who together set new aristocracy. Each form of government dies due to internal contradictions.

There is the scheme of the ideal state according to Plato.

"Laws" ideal state model was redesigned by Plato in his dialogue later.

The second draft of the ideal state of Plato contains 5040 inhabitants. Every citizen conditional gets the land and the house on the right of inheritable possession. Limits of poverty and wealth are limited in order to prevent a social explosion.

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Assignment ID
100002753
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CREATED ON
November 9, 2016
COMPLETED ON
November 10, 2016
Price
$6
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