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National Association of Probation Officers

In the early stages of the probation service functions of its employees amounted only to observe the persons left to serve his sentence in the community.

With the development of the system of alternative punishments, they were increasing their usefulness and improved service functions and responsibilities of employees. As a result, taking into account the penal and in particular alternative purposes, two main functions were formed. Although they are formulated in their own way in the right of each system, but mostly they are limited to the correction of convicts and prevent them from committing new crimes.

Related functions can be called pre-trial and post-trial, which are divided into a number of sub-functions.

First type is performed at the stage of investigation of a crime at the same time carrying out the necessary investigative actions, the implementation of which is assigned to an investigator; the second - after the sentence comes into force and the transfer of the convicted under probation service supervision.

As part of the pre-trial functions in a probation officer duties include attendance at the hearing, giving clarification on the content of the preliminary report of the Social, because the employee is a figure of procedural party litigation.

As already mentioned, the second basic function of probation officers is a post-trial, in the course of which the supervision of prisoners and re-socialization on the basis of a special program are offered in the social report.

The main challenge facing the probation service at this stage – are the social and psychological treatment, during which the employee must seek to psychologically affect the identity of the offender, removing tension, fear, frustration, aggression. An important place is occupied by a different kind of conversations with supervised. Especially effective is a visit to his home.

Thus, supervision of prisoners and re-socialization are based on the establishment of a trusting relationship between the probation officer and sentenced, in which the employee is watching the life of the ward, the progress of its correction and possibly to interfere in this process.

An indispensable condition for the effective execution of the sentence probation officer is to develop a convict positive attitude to the work carried out by him, which is reflected in his personality adoption and implementation of a voluntary re-socialization program.

In the early stages of the probation service functions of its employees amounted only to observe the persons left to serve his sentence in the community.

With the development of the system of alternative punishments, they were increasing their usefulness and improved service functions and responsibilities of employees.

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Assignment ID
100002694
Discipline
Type
CREATED ON
November 7, 2016
COMPLETED ON
November 8, 2016
Price
$45
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Essay Example Comments
hesita96
December 5, 2016
hesita96
Great paper and was finished well before my duedate.
bethanybb16878
December 5, 2016
bethanybb16878
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bsoto0548
December 3, 2016
bsoto0548
Great job!