Nowadays, the situation in Japan with population is quite difficult, because number of people of working age is decreasing. Japanese people faced this challenge not that long time ago, but it already worries them much. Right now, the birth-rate is quite below the replacement level and every day it is becoming only worse. Moreover, their life expectancy continues to increase. In this situation, Japanese nation has more people of old age, than young ones. The situation with demographic problems is caused be several factors:
1. Problem with relevant place for women in economics;
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe insists that business leaders should employ more women and give them more senior positions. Yet, this policy has only limited success and the situation is still difficult. Women are worried for their working places and promotion, which they can lose if they decide to have a baby.
2. The culture is men-dominated;
Another very important factor that influences on demographic situation is their culture based on Confucian ethics, where men have dominance in the society and all spheres of life. Young Japanese men aren’t ready to devote all their free time to children and house work. This also makes women think twice before getting married and have children, because they also want to build a career.
3. People disapprove women, who have children not being married;
Another reason why the demographic changes are happening in Japan lies in the society disapproval of unmarried women, who have babies. It means that even if some female has a desire to have a baby, she will need to find a husband, first of all, and only then think of babies. It can be uneasy task, that is why, it has a great impact on with babies. Moreover, Japanese women prefer to create families only after their thirties.
4. Japanese people are against immigration;
Japanese culture is a closed one and it caused a problem of immigrants. Only a little number of people, who are not Japanese, are allowed to live in this country. Immigrants could help to solve the problem with population, but people are afraid to lose their culture, traditions and their nation too much. If the situation won’t be changed in the nearest future, everything can finish very sadly. Japanese people need to change their attitude towards new policies. Nowadays, they still can choose how to live, but it can happen that they won’t have other choice just to change their society in a radical way.
Nowadays, the situation in Japan with population is quite difficult, because number of people of working age is decreasing. Japanese people faced this challenge not that long time ago, but it already worries them much. Right now, the birth-rate is quite below the replacement level and every day it is becoming only worse. Moreover, their life expectancy continues to increase.