The Stranger is a novel written by French author Albert Camus in 1942. This book reflects the brightest thoughts of Albert Camus about the philosophy of absurd and existing. The stranger became a best-seller in a short period of time, there were more than 4 thousand copies in the first addition and they were rapidly sold. It was several times translated in English and also numerous other languages, for a long time it is considered to be a classic for the 20th century. Le Monde ranked this book as one of the 100 Books of the Century. The novel became so popular that it was filmed twice by Italian and Turkish film directors.
The story is narrated by a 30-year-old Frenchman, living in colonial Algeria. His name remains unknown, however, sometimes it is mentioned between lines – Meursault. He is rather isolated in the society and sometimes he is emotionally detached, still, he remains to be a truthful person, expressing his mind without regard for public mind. In the story three crucial events are described: his mother’s death, the murder of a local resident and the trial, the last is his relations with a girlfriend. In the court, Meursault said that because of the sun he made a shot and that made a great impression on the jury. The fact that he didn’t cry on the mothers’ funeral made them convinced in his guiltiness. In the last chapter comes the priest trying to awaken the belief in God, however, the main hero refuses and gets frenzy.
Camus said that his hero prefers to live in privacy, but he doesn’t refuse to be pleasured with feelings. He is in love with the sun. He cannot stand being in the shades and to throw dust into the eyes of the jury. Finally, Meursault agrees to die for the truth for the only Christ that all we deserve. His guilt is a result of performing against the rules and refusing to lie to themselves and others. This refusal ruins his life and makes him be an odd person. Once Camus expressed the idea of the book in a paradoxical form: "In our society, anyone who does not cry at the funeral of the mother is at risk of being sentenced to death".
The story is written in the first person using simple sentences in the past tense. That is why reader transfers into the Meursault body and observes the events through the eyes of the main hero. This style was imitated by numerous writers later both in France and abroad. Literary critics have characterized the inevitable like in Greek tragedy unfolding action as a new classicism, with an addition: “a rational, cold, disciplined style”.
The Stranger is a novel written by French author Albert Camus in 1942. This book reflects the brightest thoughts of Albert Camus about the philosophy of absurd and existing. The stranger became a best-seller in a short period of time, there were more than 4 thousand copies in the first addition and they were rapidly sold.