The circumstances, which contributed to the phenomenal rise of Adolf Hitler as well as National Socialism in Germany during the period 1924-1941 from relative obscurity to a frenetic Volksbewegung appears to be an issue of some debate. However, most probably the culmination of a multiplicity of interrelated factors generated an environment in which an entire European nation was swept away by the tide of Nazism.
Unfortunately, Germany's cultural heritage provided fertile soil for the roots of Nazi ideology. They helped shape its ideological image mobilizing the support of a heterogeneous socio-economic strata, in an European country crippled by the depression. Furthermore, Weimar's weak foundations, opposed by basic social institutions and riddled with the inherent weakness of the constitution as well as political parties, created a climate in which Hitler's unique form of blood-and-soil nationalism flourished. Coupled with a favorable turn of events for the Nazis and also Hitler, it culminated in his election as Chancellor in 1933. The instant implementation of Gleichschaltung gradually followed, thus enabling the Nazi leader to cement his position as the dictator of a totalitarian European state. As a result, the creation and consolidation of Nazi power was over. During the period 1924 to 1933, voter support for the Nazi party surged from 3.5% of the total vote, to about 43.9%, thus making the ultra-conservative NSDAP the dominating party in the Reichstag. This quick rise in voter support points out to a crucial characteristic of the Nazi party as a powerful social movement. Contrary to the conclusions of some historians, including Theodore Geiger, who postulated that the voter support for the NSDAP descended from a homogenous base of lower-middle class support, the statistical analysis of Reichstag elections showed that the Nazis turned to be were socially heterogeneous.
The reasons behind the popular support of this anti-liberalist, right-wing movement are quite debatable, although it’s most likely that the willingness of the NSDAP to shift position on policy issues, enabled them to mobilize the strong disaffection of millions of Germans from all classes as well as political backgrounds. The myriad promises made by Hitler and also the true success of the propagandistic activities engaged in by the Nazi party greatly spurred the support of all socio-economic stratums.
The circumstances, which contributed to the phenomenal rise of Adolf Hitler as well as National Socialism in Germany during the period 1924-1941 from relative obscurity to a frenetic Volksbewegung appears to be an issue of some debate.