Feminism of postcolonial wave (post-colonial feminism) is the direction of feminist thought, worked out by the theorists of the Third World countries since the 1980s. The post-colonial feminism problematizes cultural identity, language and nationalism in their relationship with the position of women in the new nation-states in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, women's (self) representation in postcolonial cultures and critical attitude to the West ( "white") feminism.
The feminist and postcolonial theory contact when Patriarchate and Imperialism (colonialism) are considering as being similar in their impact forms of oppression: the experience of women in Patriarchate and the experience of the colonized subjects are very similar. Therefore, in many (post) colonial societies relevant feminist discussion on the topic, what was more politically significant for women: the oppression on grounds of gender or colonial oppression?
Both feminist and postcolonial discourse pay considerable attention to the problem of language as a symbolic resource of identity construction and, at the same time, the creation of otherness and marginalization of oppressed subjects. In the work "Can a Subaltern Speak?", which became a classic of both postcolonial and feminist theory, Gayatri Spivak mentions that Indian women are of a "lower class" from an economic and racial point of view, and demonstrates that women's is limited by men "national tradition" that shows the deprivation of their opinion and the opportunities to participate in government.
At the beginning of the 1980s many feminist theorists of the Third World countries have criticized Western feminism for ignoring the experience of non-white women. According to them, the idea that sex (gender) exists outside the cultural differences (there is a universal category of women), in fact, is based on the concepts, which are based on the experience of Western middle-class women. In 1991, in her essay "Under Western Eyes", Chandra Mohanty analyzed the representations (images) of the women of the colonial countries. Adopted in Western cultures, women of color are defined almost exclusively in terms of such notions as "poverty", "backward", "hyper sexuality", social and religious victimization.
Feminism of postcolonial wave combines a huge number of texts, approaches and views on the political strategy that will serve as the liberation of women of new nation-states.
Feminism of postcolonial wave (post-colonial feminism) is the direction of feminist thought, worked out by the theorists of the Third World countries since the 1980s.