In 1957, the Florida legislature passed a resolution against the decision of the US Supreme Court's 1954 in case of Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, which ended legally separated white and black education in public schools. Initially, the US Supreme Court held that racial segregation does not violate the Constitution, and this was confirmed by the decision in the landmark case of Plessey v Ferguson in 1896.
The decision was the basis of the so-called Jim Crow laws, which declared segregation legal if places of common use provided by the representatives of different races are «separate but equal". However, a decision on the case of Brown denied this principle, and many supporters of segregation were considered that this case opened up the possibility to stop segregation in general.
Florida lawmakers have argued that this decision has usurped the constitutional state of law, and passed a resolution which annihilates the court decision of 1954. The resolution of interference should be objecting Florida citizens of the United States Government in response to the fact that, according to representatives of the legislature, it was the illegal encroachment of the federal government to state law. Despite the fact that initially, like most officially elected state-southerners figures, Governor LeRoy Collins condemned the decision made by Brown's case, he sought to prevent the adoption of the resolution by the Legislature. He used a little-known provision of the state constitution to unilaterally close the session and prevent the adoption of the resolution. When the legislature met again and approved the resolution, the governor did not have the right of veto, because the law was not, but the resolution, which was expressing the view of the legislature on issues of racial integration, was accepted. However, when the resolution was accepted at the governor's office, Collins wrote at the bottom of the document that he believed that the US Supreme Court abusively usurped rights left to the states under the Constitution. He joined the protest and sought lawful means of recognition the solutions invalid. He said that seriously considering this resolution, declaring void the decision of the court, they breed anarchy and revolt against the nation. He did not only do not support the intervention, he openly condemned it as evil, and seized upon by demagogues spurred by hot and gusty winds of passion, prejudice and hysteria.
In 1957, the Florida legislature passed a resolution against the decision of the US Supreme Court's 1954 in case of Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, which ended legally separated white and black education in public schools.