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The Kurdish Struggle For Self-Determination

The progressive weakening of the Ottoman Empire and Iran in XVII and especially in XVIII century, the steady growth centrifugal tendencies in these countries created the ground for the emergence and strengthening of feudal Kurdish separatism.

In XVII-XVIII centuries the Kurdish principality still retained relative independence. Dark times arrive for the Kurds in the early XIX century.

In the second half of the XIX Kurdish nationalism, aimed at the establishment of an independent and united Kurdistan, was born and began to grow rapidly. Two factors have contributed to its rapid recovery: the feudal particularism and separatism have shown their full political and military inadequacy; Kurdish movement began to be used by the "great powers" of the time in the struggle for the colonial section all the West Asian region.

The strongest Kurdish uprising took place during the Crimean War of 1853-1856. Ruined by Turkish military taxes, the Kurds rebelled and created 100,000th efficient army in a short time.

1880`s includes one of the most serious Kurds attempts to get rid of the Turkish burden and create their own state. Obeydulla Khan called for an independent "League of Kurdish tribes."

A new section of the Kurdish lands took place on the background of general crisis that began in world colonial system, an important stimulus for which served the revolutionary events in Russia and anti-imperialist propaganda emanating from there.

1922 brought the Kurds both great joy and great sorrow. It was then that Sheikh Mahmud declared independent unified Kurdish state. But the country was bombed and was destroyed. Kurdistan lost its independence again.

Since the second half of the 50s the situation began to change around Kurdistan, which led to a rapid updating of the Kurdish problem. The Soviet Union stepped resolutely on Afro-Asian arena, seeing in it a suitable base for the confrontation with the West in the lasted Cold War. It was the hour of a new upsurge of Kurdish national liberation movement.

Movement of Iraqi Kurds under the leadership of Mustafa Barzani in the 60-70-ies marked a new stage in the development of the Kurdish question. By 1975, the rebellion was damped out.

Since the late 1970s a new stage has entered in the development of the Kurdish issue. First of all it was delineated significant changes in the countries of residence of the Kurds. On this basis there was a major shift in the Kurdish national movement.

The progressive weakening of the Ottoman Empire and Iran in XVII and especially in XVIII century, the steady growth centrifugal tendencies in these countries created the ground for the emergence and strengthening of feudal Kurdish separatism.

In XVII-XVIII centuries the Kurdish principality still retained relative independence. Dark times arrive for the Kurds in the early XIX century.

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Assignment ID
100002626
Discipline
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CREATED ON
October 19, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 20, 2016
Price
$12
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