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Life of primary Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is well-known as ‘Mahatma’ was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Western India. His mother was a very religious person who had a big influence on the personality of Mohandas. His father was the Chief Minister of Porbandar. At the age of 13, Gandhi got married to Kasturbai in an arranged marriage. When Mohandas was a teen he rebelled by smoking, eating meat and stealing.
Gandhi was lucky to get a comprehensive education, but at the same time, he was quite a mediocre student. In 1885, when Gandhi was studying at Samaldas College, his father died. On the death of his father, Mohandas was sent to England to get a degree in law. He sailed to England in 1888 and at the age of 18 and England was a new world for him. He studied different religions and was really interested in vegetarianism. Gandhi passed his exams and sailed to India.
When he got back to India, he without success tried to establish his legal practice in Rajkot and Bombay. Young Mohandas realized that it was quite difficult to find a job and in 1893, he went to work for an Indian firm in South Africa. In South Africa, Gandhi faced with racial discrimination and Gandhi decided to experiment with campaigns of civil disobedience and protest. He named this protests Satyagraha. After 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi came back to India in 1915. He became the leader of India’s independence movement. Gandhi successfully organized some non-violent protests. It was something like one or two days strike on the national level. Gandhi believed that Indians had to prove that they deserved the independence. Gandhi often called off strikes if he heard that violence was involved.
In 1930, there was a famous march to the sea in protest at the new Salt Acts. In the sea, they made their own salt and it was forbidden by the British. At Dandi, Gandhi picked up a handful of salt thus technically ‘producing’ the salt. He broke the law. Many hundreds were arrested including Mahatma Gandhi himself. During the following years, Gandhi continued his fight for independence. After the War on 15 August 1947, India became independent, free from the British rule. On 30th of January 1948, Gandhi was killed by a Hindu Brahmin, who didn’t like Gandhi’s support for Muslims. Gandhi even after his death is a symbol of non-violence and a beacon of hope for all people around the world. Gandhi was a seeker of the truth.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is well-known as ‘Mahatma’ was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Western India. His mother was a very religious person who had a big influence on the personality of Mohandas. His father was the Chief Minister of Porbandar. At the age of 13, Gandhi got married to Kasturbai in an arranged marriage.