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Plato and Socrates' Views on the Roles of Women in the Greek society

In the Greek society, women were divided into different categories, the functions of which were as follows: beautiful women were for rough pleasure while wives -- for breeding and households. However, what rights did she have and what was the men’s attitude to her? The answer may be found in the works of outstanding philosophers of those times.

Great philosopher Socrates and his follower Plato allotted the women with particular roles that fully fitted the type society they wanted to establish. They did not consider women as full-fledged citizens, and what is more, equated them to the slaves. Thus, the house, service and silence were the main domain for Greek women. Socrates’s postulate about three blessings can serve as a prof of poor woman’s role. First, a human should be glad that he is a Greek and not a barbarian. Secondly, he should be thankful for nature that he is not a wild animal. Finally, he should appreciate that he is born a man, not a woman.

The matter is that Socrates promoted an ideal society; therefore, the methods of its formation were radical. To achieve high social development the bearing and upbringing of children should be strictly regulated by the state. Only the state, according to Socrates, is to decide who a woman will marry. The couple producing new members of society must be young and healthy. The children born defective are to be liquidated. Moreover, a child can stay with the mother for a few years, and then the state takes him away.

Plato fully supported the ideas of Socrates concerning women. A woman cannot marry of her own will. Marriage is controlled by the philosophers who match people according to the principle: the best with the best, the worst with the worst. After the birth children are to be mixed so that to be raised by different mothers. Men are considered the fathers of all children. A woman may have children from twenty and forty, while a man - from twenty-five to fifty. The kids that are born out of accordance with these rules will be killed.

The idea of Socrates and Plato is the formation of the ruling elite, which ultimately serve one purpose - to exclude everything that leads to separation of the individual from the collective. So, it can be concluded that initially a woman in Ancient Greece was given a low social role. That is why many matured philosophical doctrines were based on the idea that a woman was a kind of material to achieve higher goals.

In the Greek society, women were divided into different categories, the functions of which were as follows: beautiful women were for rough pleasure while wives -- for breeding and households. However, what rights did she have and what was the men’s attitude to her? The answer may be found in the works of outstanding philosophers of those times.

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Assignment ID
100002564
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CREATED ON
October 18, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 19, 2016
Price
$40
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pavangongidi23
November 13, 2016
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