In 1988, the first study of clandestine operations was initiated in hopes of finding out more about the relationship between the President as well as the intelligence committees of Congress. Stephan F. Knott, an Assistance Professor of Political Science of the Untied States Air Force Academy was deeply interested in this study of clandestine operations. In his recently published book, dubbed Secret and Sanctioned, Stephan discloses the reality, which not only were clandestine operations of the Cold War, but also something dating back to our Forefathers. Knott's account of covert operations, including some of our most appreciated leaders, such as Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Abraham Lincoln etc., offers us a clear evidence that even the most respected of our leaders couldn’t be absolutely honest dealers. The fact that covert operations turned to be active in the times our Forefathers are thoroughly illustrated in the realm of Secret and Sanctioned. The author’s number one purpose in writing this work was to notify his readers that the age-old tradition of covert operations wasn't started with a new generation of US politicians, but had been a must-have element of the political system since the beginning of the American Revolution. Knott worked with some highly educated professors in research of his work. He consulted a great number of different sources, including a chairman of the Political Science Department of at Boston College, Professor Dennis Hale and a professor of International Relations at Boston College, Arthur S. Hulnik as for American intelligence activity.Stephan F. Knott highlights several different cases in which clandestine operations lasted for a long period of time. Knott’s first subject was the clandestine operations, involving George Washington's initiative to capture William the IVth, the official heir to the throne of Britain, while had suggested his stay in the US in March of 1782. Washington had officially permitted three kidnappings, including Benedict Arnold,Clinton William the IVth and Sir Henry. Washington also made use of the death penalty without a second thought to get the information required.
Looking through Knott’s book you’ll inevitably come across such prominent characters of that time as Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, statesmen in 1700's, who both made enormous impact regarding the American Intelligence Capability by means of their writing and actions as influential political leaders.
In 1988, the first study of clandestine operations was initiated in hopes of finding out more about the relationship between the President as well as the intelligence committees of Congress. Stephan F. Knott, an Assistance Professor of Political Science of the Untied States Air Force Academy was deeply interested in this study of clandestine operations.