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Race and Health Interrelation

The interconnection between the health of the individual and one’s race, or ethnicity, has been studied by scientists. The representatives of various races are known to differ by their health conditions and expected lifetime. These differences are called “health disparities”.

Racial distinctions are defined by two opposite theories of race. One of them uses biological definitions, and another one is based on social constructions. Generally, the concept “race” refers to the group of people connected by common features, such as phenotype, ancestry, social identity and genetic characteristics. Health of the representatives of different races is determined by social, environmental and genetic conditions, as well as the individual features of a person.

Scientists assume that some single gene genetic disorders are typical for certain races, or the population of a certain region. For instance, these are such diseases as cystic fibrosis, occurring among the people of Northern European heritage; sickle-cell anemia, prevailing in populations of sub-Saharan ancestry and also happening among South-American, Indian, Saudi Arabian, Turkish, Greek and Italian inhabitants. Other examples would be thalassemia, common for the population of Mediterranean ancestry, and Tay-Sachs disease, often featured among the people of Ashkenazi Jewish group.

After the propensity of specific ethnic groups to certain diseases has been found out, “race-based medicines” appeared. The first example of such a medicine in the United States was BiDil – a medication aiming to prevent congestive heart failure, licensed specifically for African American patients. This medicine was developed based on previous studies which showed that African Americans with this disease were not treated so effectively by traditional medications.

Even though genetics plays a major role in a person’s susceptibility to certain diseases, environmental factors and lifestyle should also be taken into account. The representatives of ethnic minorities in some regions tend to have a lower socio-economic status, which definitely has a negative influence on the state of their health in terms of diet, awareness of diseases and the availability of medical care. For example, minorities residing in low income communities are more exposed to obesity due to the availability of inexpensive fast-food and changing their traditional diet to a westernized one.

The interconnection between the health of the individual and one’s race, or ethnicity, has been studied by scientists. The representatives of various races are known to differ by their health conditions and expected lifetime. These differences are called “health disparities”.

Racial distinctions are defined by two opposite theories of race.

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Assignment ID
100002510
Discipline
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CREATED ON
October 18, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 19, 2016
Price
$29
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Essay Example Comments
ingMario8884
July 11, 2016
ingMario8884
I have tried 3 writers here and this guy is the best one. although he did not have a wide knowledge of the topic he made an effort to research about and met the deadlines.
seansegui071304
June 1, 2016
seansegui071304
Needed a little more work/effort in the sections towards the end but other than that good job.
seansegui071304
June 1, 2016
seansegui071304
Great job, well put.