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The Period After the Civil War

The period after the Civil War, which occurred in the years 1865 through 1877, was also called the Reconstruction period. Abraham Lincoln wanted to unite the nation again, and he wanted to do it fast, so he suggested the plan of Reconstruction at the end of 1863. This plan demanded that the new laws of the States forbid slavery.

The Congress moved an amendment to the Constitution in January 1865 which would eliminate slavery in the United States. On December 18, 1865 the Thirteenth Amendment which formally prohibited slavery was ratified.

After the end of Civil, in April 1865, Abraham Lincoln was murdered. Vice President Andrew Johnson carried on implementing Lincoln’s policies for a short period of time after the President was killed. In May 1865 he declared his own plans for the Reconstruction. They included the pledge of allegiance to the Nation and prohibition of slavery. Southern states had to meet these requirements prior to being accepted to the Nation again.

Midwestern states adopted black codes to control and suppress the migration of African-Americans, who were now free, to their territories. After Civil War Southern states adopted harsh black code laws to rebuild the social structure which previously existed. Civil rights of former slaves were restricted by the new laws of Southern states. These rights were even fully cancelled in the state of Mississippi. Other states followed this example fast and adopted their own codes. Some of these codes reminded of the old slavery system a lot, because they foresaw forced labor for different misdemeanors.

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands was created to help former slaves. It took care of their health and educational issues and provided abandoned land services. This Bureau was established in 1865.

Even though the Civil Rights Act was adopted in 1866, black codes were still legitimate, and this meant that African-Americans were treated as second-rate citizens. This Act formally ensured many civil liberties for former slaves, such as the right to make contracts, own and sell assets and get medical treatment of the same quality as all other citizens.

As a result of the first Reconstruction Act, passed by Congress on March 2, 1867, five military districts were created in the South. Each of them was ruled by a military general. The new elections were held in these districts and black males were permitted to vote.

The period after the Civil War, which occurred in the years 1865 through 1877, was also called the Reconstruction period. Abraham Lincoln wanted to unite the nation again, and he wanted to do it fast, so he suggested the plan of Reconstruction at the end of 1863. This plan demanded that the new laws of the States forbid slavery.

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100002471
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CREATED ON
October 18, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 19, 2016
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