Some people don’t understand how and why others become addicted to certain drugs. They make a mistake when thinking that those people who take drugs don’t have enough willpower of moral principles to fight their addiction and stop it. However, this disease is quite complex and it takes much more than just good intention and a strong character. That’s because drugs change people’s brain in specific ways that make it hard to stop taking them. Luckily, patients can use effective treatment options to succeed.
What is this addiction all about? It’s a chronic ailment characterized by drug use and seeking, and this behavior is compulsive and hard to control, despite its very dangerous and harmful consequences. The first decision to use drugs is voluntary in most cases, but their repeated use often leads to different brain changes that challenge addicted individuals and their self-control, so their ability to resist an intense urge to use drugs is interfered with. These changes in the human brain can be persistent, and that’s why this addiction is called relapsing. Those patients who recovered from this disease are at a high risk of returning to it even in the far future. Their treatment should be ongoing, regularly monitored, and adjusted according to their individual response.
What happens with the brain of drug users? Most drugs affect the reward circuit of the brain by flooding it with dopamine. This system is important to control the ability of people’s body to feel pleasure and it motivates people to repeat certain behaviors to thrive, including eating. However, its overstimulation with drugs results in very high pleasurable levels, and it makes people take drugs on a regular basis. As they keep doing that, their brain gets used to excess dopamine levels, so people start taking more and more. Another negative factor is that they start feeling less pleasure from other activities, such as food and their dear ones.
The long-term use of drugs leads to other changes in chemicals in the brain, thus affecting such important functions as decision-making, behaviors, stress, learning, memory, and so on. Although people know these harmful and dangerous outcomes, some of them still decide to take drugs, and it’s called an addiction. Finally, some people are more prone to developing this drug dependency than others because of such factors as settings, biology, development, and so on.
Some people don’t understand how and why others become addicted to certain drugs. They make a mistake when thinking that those people who take drugs don’t have enough willpower of moral principles to fight their addiction and stop it. However, this disease is quite complex and it takes much more than just good intention and a strong character.