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The Father of Air Combat

Oswald Boelcke was a German military pilot and tactics, the author of the basic rules of air combat Dicta Boelcke, and one of the first aces in the history of world aviation.

Boelcke Oswald was born in 1891 in Giebichenstein near Halle in Saxony. He was the son of a school teacher. Dreaming of a military career, he joined the Prussian cadet corps. Shortly before the war with the rank of non-commissioned officer of the Signal Corps Boelcke was distributed to the third telegraph battalion stationed in Koblenz. After expressing an interest in aviation during maneuvers, he passed the appropriate training and became the first observer, and then a double-pilot scout. At the beginning of the war, he was a part of the aviation unit FA 13 in France with his brother William, who was his supervisor. In October 1914, Oswald was awarded the Iron Cross of the 2nd class, and in February 1915 – the Iron Cross of the 1st class. After being transferred to the aviation part of the FA 62, Boelcke claimed his first aerial victory, flying the LVG C. I.

Being eager to personally shoot down enemy planes, he became a pilot of a single-seat fighter, once FA 62 got a couple of new Fokker E.I, intended to escort reconnaissance vehicles. In July, he began to fly a fighter plane and in August he won his first victory. His unit was based in Douai, where he became friends with his partner Lt. Max Immelmann. Both pilots simultaneously began their career as fighters. Each of them, in November 1915 received the Knight’s Cross of the Order of the House of Hohenzollern with swords, and in January 1916 both aces were awarded the Order Pour le Mérite, the highest military officer reward in Prussia. Bot shot down six enemy planes.

In March 1916, Oswald started flying a new fighter model and won more aerial victories. After Immelmann’s death in combat, Boehlke was withdrawn from the front and sent to the inspection tour to south-east, passing through Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, and Turkey. During this trip he wrote a manual on how to conduct air combat and methods of organization of fighter aviation units.

On October 28, 1916 Boehlke raised his plane in the air for the last time. He was accompanied by five pilots. Six of them were attacking two British single-seat fighters of the British Royal Air Force. Before the attack Boehlke didn’t properly buckle his belt.

During the battle, Boehme and Boehlke did not notice each other, attacking a single target, and crashed. The upper wing came off, but Boehlke managed to relatively successfully land his Albatros D.II. Although the blow on the ground was not very strong, the fact that Boehlke didn’t have a helmet and his belt wasn’t properly buckled he died.

Oswald Boelcke was a German military pilot and tactics, the author of the basic rules of air combat Dicta Boelcke, and one of the first aces in the history of world aviation.

Boelcke Oswald was born in 1891 in Giebichenstein near Halle in Saxony. He was the son of a school teacher. Dreaming of a military career, he joined the Prussian cadet corps.

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100002423
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CREATED ON
October 19, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 20, 2016
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$37
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