The development of study of adolescent psychology started in the early 20thcentury. In this time the concept of adolescence back was invented, so now the study has lots of different aspect, which are interested to scientists. Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson are believed to be the two main contributors who took part in the formation of this study. It’s amazing but these men have nothing in common with each other. Erikson is a man who is not interested on formal kind of education, but Piaget dedicated to the studying the great part of his life.
According to men’s theory, the main importance is in unconscious thought of teenagers. But if the Erikson’s theory is based on the psychoanalytical factors, a study of Piaget is focused on the cognitive theories that outline the importance of such thoughts.
By the way, both these theories are like a continuation of the works which are written by Sigmund Freud. This well-known and legendary psychoanalytic studied as unconscious as conscious impacts on the social development. The main thesis, which he was proud of, lies in the following. Freud looked for the development of ordinary personality in unconscious and conscious mind. Austrian psychoanalytic considered that there are three structures: the id, the ego and the superego. And if on the first stage only instincts are, so on the second stage right decisions are made.
Freud discovered while working with patients, that some problems couldn’t be solved just with the help of looking at the superego, ego and the id. He understood that he should look deeply. It means that lots of problems start in childhood or on the way of formation, when the child grows and becomes a full value personality.
Like Freud, Erik Erikson thins that each person goes through many stages of development and formation the personality. But Sigmund worked with the other theory as well. It was based on the psychosexual stages, which are actual within the first five years of life of new person. Erikson worked hard on this topic, and once he said that every individual goes through the 8 stages which differ from each other. In addition, every stage serves like a crisis. The conflict situation within the personality should be regulated to come on the next stage. According to the Erik’s thought, to be healthier as a personality, every person should achieve maximum conflicts successfully. He considered that looking for the answers; person becomes to be more developed as an individual personality. And this impacts on the development in positive way.
The development of study of adolescent psychology started in the early 20thcentury. In this time the concept of adolescence back was invented, so now the study has lots of different aspect, which are interested to scientists. Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson are believed to be the two main contributors who took part in the formation of this study.