It is believed that chemistry is called in this way because this science is about what things are. It helps us to understand many facts about the environmental world. This science has an intent which is the exploration of the nature and materials which create our physical environment which surrounds us. It tells us why the materials hold the different properties. Chemistry also gives us the imagination about the atomic structure of the things, how they may be changed and manipulated.
It is known that the organic reactions have been conducted when the man discovered the fire. But such science as Organic chemistry didn’t develop until the beginning of XVIII century. Firstly this problem was so interested for scientists from France, later for the scientists from Germany, and for the English scientists with the time. In fact, it would be known that almost of materials which are in our surrounding are made up of the organic elements. The beginning of the XIX century was the dawn of chemistry. At that time all the materials produced by humans were considered to be the organic substances. It was said about the food, medicines, bone, cloth and the complex substances which configure the body of any human. Materials which came from the Earth (rock, metals, salt) were belonged to inorganic ones.
Humans were so wondered of the natural life, so it was believed that organic materials possessed the enigmatic “Vital Force”. That is why the organic chemistry became separate science from the inorganic one, and the first type of chemistry became the separate field of science and discovering. The “Vital Force” theory was discredited in the XIX century, but it had no influence on the science. The branch of organic chemistry was still separate. When the organic chemistry was considered to be the science of living matter, one of professors succeeded the following. He decided to synthase an organic compound observed in living tissue in laboratory. Professor Wohler created this compound from the non-living chemical substances. Ammonium Cyanate was used. Professor evaporated the solution of this substance to produce Urea. Due to this the theory was rendering with flaws. But additional experiments proved that the “Vital Force’ theory was wrong.
Kolbe synthesized acetic acid in a flow of reactions with Carbon in 1845. The main substance is the chief component in vinegar now. The experiment demonstrated that acetic acid if a carbon-carbon bond, which is defined even better.
It is believed that chemistry is called in this way because this science is about what things are. It helps us to understand many facts about the environmental world. This science has an intent which is the exploration of the nature and materials which create our physical environment which surrounds us. It tells us why the materials hold the different properties.