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Domestic Policies of Mao and Stalin

Let us compare the domestic policies imposed on their countries by Mao Zedong, the leader of the People’s Republic of China, and Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union.

First of all, both of these leaders introduced the cult of personality. They wanted to consolidate all the power in their own hands, and used propaganda to praise their ideals and demonize others. We can notice that both Stalin and Mao liked to be praised in pamphlets, books, films, posters and promotions.

Since both of these leaders were dictators, they were obsessed with support and demanded full subordination. Mao felt the need to constantly increase the level of his popularity, for example, conducting the Cultural Revolution. Mao was considered to be less dominant and charismatic than Stalin. Support was also of also of primary importance to Stalin. He conducted permanent purges of his supporters even at local levels. Mao Zedong enforced a so called “Mao’s Red Guard”. These were the battalions of students and later young people loyal to him who weeded out any opposition, or perceived opposition, and promoted Mao’s ideals. In his turn, Stalin created secret police, called “KGB”.

Both Stalin and Mao Zedong promote Communist ideals, but neither of them managed to create a Communist state foreseen by Karl Marx. They created totalitarian regimes instead.

Speaking of the economic development of both countries, both of the leaders made plans to ensure fast growth of the industrial and agricultural spheres. Mao attempted to break away from the model used by the Soviet Union by introducing the Great Leap Forward program. It focused on the economy decentralization, starting communes of farmers and inspiring the idea of revolution among people.

Five Year Plans, introduced by Stalin, focused on building up industry and featured agricultural collectivization as well. The source of labor force was often the people imprisoned at Gulags.

It can be said that both plans did not make people’s lives better. The Soviet Union did industrialize its economics, but the citizens continued to live in poverty. Mao’s project failed.

In terms of social impact of these leaders’ domestic policies, they resulted in approximately tens of millions of deaths. Many people died in repressive campaigns because of the policy of getting rid of dissenters. The attempts to create farming communes resulted in product inefficiency and famine. Social institutions were under control and all literature was censored.

Let us compare the domestic policies imposed on their countries by Mao Zedong, the leader of the People’s Republic of China, and Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union.

First of all, both of these leaders introduced the cult of personality. They wanted to consolidate all the power in their own hands, and used propaganda to praise their ideals and demonize others.

Assignment ID
100002395
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CREATED ON
27 October 2016
COMPLETED ON
28 October 2016
Price
$45
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