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Religious Women in Medieval Time

The 19th century British poet Wordsworth once referred to a country scene known as "Quiet as a nun.” Lust like many other folks, Wordsworth was used to puncturing religious women as black-cowled figures, pious, praying with down-turned eyes. However, in the mid-20th century, in the USA, Roman Catholic nuns dared to challenge this quiet image. They started wearing modern clothes. Furthermore, they even joined protest marches in the streets, and also lobbied for more rights within the Catholic Church hierarchy. To answer those critical of up-to-date nuns for changing the image of quiet piety, churchwomen could argue that they were following an earlier tradition of activism. The history of religious females of medieval Europe was overwhelmed with activity and also controversy.

Abbess Carrying Crosier One of the first controversies illustrated the role of Christian females in the Church. As follows from his teachings, Jesus didn’t make any distinctions between male as well as female souls. Though his disciples were men, he actually encouraged females, including Martha, Maria as well as Mary Magdalen to spread his teachings. Later, Saint Paul discouraged Christian females from speaking in church, though relied on such women as Lydia when it came to spreading the gospel. In his letters he also urged her to be an active disciple.

Various sects within Christianity, including the Gnostic, gave a strong emphasis to the female aspect of God and enabled women to act as priests. The early Christian Church featured a respected role of preacher and this position wasn’t exclusively occupied by male or female. For instance, an early Christian fresco in Rome depicts females serving the bread and wine in order to commemorate the mass. Other mosaics illustrate female bishops of the early Church, dropping a hint at women's priestly roles.

However, in c. 363 CE, at the Council of Laodicea the Gnostic Gospels church leaders declared that female couldn’t be priests. After the Council of Laodicea, only male priests boasted the right to say mass, preach as well as hear confession. As for female nuns, they couldn’t execute duties and rituals.

Saint Paul suggested a religious order of nuns represented by older widows. Other church officials mostly preferred orders stuffed with nuns of all ages.

As for marriage, the early Christian church appreciated virginity, considering it to be a heroic measure against sin and a way to focus on a religious life.

The 19th century British poet Wordsworth once referred to a country scene known as "Quiet as a nun.” Lust like many other folks, Wordsworth was used to puncturing religious women as black-cowled figures, pious, praying with down-turned eyes. However, in the mid-20th century, in the USA, Roman Catholic nuns dared to challenge this quiet image. They started wearing modern clothes.

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Assignment ID
100002383
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CREATED ON
October 18, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 19, 2016
Price
$20
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