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The Political Machine in America

In the end of the 19th century, due to immigration cities in America faced numerous difficulties. The government at the time was unstable and inefficient, and due to an increase in immigration, a new system or power was a necessity for the growth of the nation. The appearance of the political machine brought not only a new form of politics, but also a path for new immigrants.

The political machine was at pick after the Civil War, where it was the foundation of government in several main cities. It was an organization that controlled a political party in a city and offered services to people in exchange for their support. There was a pyramid system in the base of political machine. The precinct wards and captains were at the bottom of the pyramid. They had to get support from voters and tell about their success to the ward boss. The ward bosses were at the middle of the pyramid. They had to secure the votes by giving jobs and benefits to the poor. Finally, city boss was at the top of the pyramid. He controlled all the activities of every political party and city services like the police and particular business affairs. The efforts of each of pyramid’s parts made the government successful.

As political machines had little power, the elections sometimes could not be held, and they turned to fraud. They often created fake names for the voters and under them they caste as many votes as it was needed. As new candidates became a part of a political machine, opportunities for bribes rose and a political machine could easily manipulate their personnel. It is known that political machines accepted bribes from businesses and allowed illegal activities like gambling.

The Tweed Ring Scandal, headed by William Marcy Tweed, was one of the earliest political machines with William himself having a great power. The name of his democratic machine was Tammany Hall. His group of politicians held one of the most corrupt political machines. Through his regular accounts of fraud and bribes, people were becoming more outraged and his career was over. He was convicted of 120 acts of fraud, and was sent to prison for 12 years.

Why didn’t t political machine and the pyramid work? Either the pyramid gave too many opportunities to the political, or there was no right balance of power. Even though some income of the political machines was beneficial to society, there were still negative consequences which corrupted the idea of the political machine.

In the end of the 19th century, due to immigration cities in America faced numerous difficulties. The government at the time was unstable and inefficient, and due to an increase in immigration, a new system or power was a necessity for the growth of the nation. The appearance of the political machine brought not only a new form of politics, but also a path for new immigrants.

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Assignment ID
100002345
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CREATED ON
October 17, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 18, 2016
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$20
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