Faust is an intelligent man who feels the dissatisfaction due to his limited knowledge. He desires to be a god, knowing everything. Faust knows that he cannot find the needed knowledge from books. He is so desperate about this that decides to make a deal with the devil named Mephistopheles. The devil promises that he will serve Faust well, but if the man becomes lazy, spending his life only in enjoyments, which will eventually lead him to the spiritual stagnation, the devil would take his soul. Faust agrees to Mephistopheles’s conditions. He is never satisfied. His close relationship with Margarete brings him only fleeting joy, which results in the tragic death of the woman. He marries to Helen of Troy, but this leads to tragedy and the death of Euphorion, their son. Finally, Faust learns how to accept his limitations. He becomes more resistant to Mephistopheles and because he has never spiritually stagnated, after his death, he appears in heaven.
Mephistopheles is the devil, who wants to get the Faust’s soul and that is why he offers him the deal. He has a gentlemanly relationship with the God. The devil really contributes to the good things ordained by the God. Mephistopheles is bored with his role because he prefers any kind of purposeful activity. He is a sarcastic character. When he along with Faust goes for Classical Walpurgis Night to Greece, the devil feels like a stranger. He is only obsessed with sin and flesh. The devil fails to win the soul of Faust because he is distracted by lust for the angels throwing roses from above.
Margarete, also known as Gretchen, is a beautiful and innocent young woman. She and Faust are madly fallen in love with each other. They become involved in a love affair, and one night Faust asks his lover to add a sleeping potion to her controlling mother so that they can consummate their relationship. This leads to the end for Gretchen, because that portion kills her mother, the woman gets pregnant from Faust, and other people shuns her because of her having sex outside of marriage. As the story progresses, Faust kills Valentine, her brother, and Gretchen becomes more and more haunted by her guilt. She decides to kill her newborn infant in order to free it from this world. This leads to her imprisoning and sentencing to death by beheading. Although Faust attempted set her free, but she refused to leave her prison. As Faust and the devil fly away, they hear a voice telling that Gretchen is saved, and she will appear in heaven.
Faust is an intelligent man who feels the dissatisfaction due to his limited knowledge. He desires to be a god, knowing everything. Faust knows that he cannot find the needed knowledge from books. He is so desperate about this that decides to make a deal with the devil named Mephistopheles.