Two decades ago Stanley Milgram along with Philip Zimbardo administered experiments, testing the psychological influence of higher authority on people's choices. Folks turned to obey their roles more strictly when threatened as opposed to when they were given a choice to obey them. It’s clearly seen from these experiments, folks are prone to going against their true morals just to impress or even please their authority. The two experiments proved that once there’s an established higher lever of authority, it’s not difficult for folks to justify their responsibilities as human being.
The Milgram as well as Zimbardo experiments both picture the underlying effects of authority on what should be folks’ natural decisions. In the Milgram experiment the research analyzed humans’ reactions when being ordered to shock complete strangers. As for Zimbardo's experiment, it evaluated the probable transformations that folks undertake when placed in a prison environment. Although these two researches both illustrate adjustment in human behavior under stressful circumstances, the overall effect of the experiments as well as psychological outlook of those involved differ due to the varying roles exercised.
In the Milgram experiment, carried out at Yale University, there were three key roles. These were an experimenter, learner and teacher. In this experiment, the learner is in a room, strapped into a chair. He’s assigned to remember pairs of words. If he fails to do it, he gets shock treatment from his teacher as punishment. However, the experiment lies with the teacher as he’s just an actor and actually faces no pain at all. Additionally, in most cases, once the teacher steps up the voltage, the learner starts screaming or showing violent signs of pain thus causing the teacher extreme nervousness.
Later the experiment was altered just to enable the teachers to administer his own level of voltage. In most cases, the teacher gave painless levels of shock to the learners.
The Zimbardo experiment, carried out at Stanford University, involved three key roles, including the prisoner, warden and guard. Someday a group of twenty-one learners were arrested, handcuffed, blindfolded and then taken to "Stanford County Prison" without any explanation. The learners were stripped naked while the warden told them about the rules of prison life. The researchers used hidden microphones built into their window-less cells to hear the reactions of the guards as well as prisoners.
Two decades ago Stanley Milgram along with Philip Zimbardo administered experiments, testing the psychological influence of higher authority on people's choices. Folks turned to obey their roles more strictly when threatened as opposed to when they were given a choice to obey them.