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Aristotle in Nicomachean Ethics: Main Ideas

That section of the teachings of Aristotle, which is called "practical philosophy", dedicated to the laws of rational and moral human activity. It is divided into three parts: ethics, the doctrine of economic activity and policy.

His notions of good and of the laws of the moral life of the individual man, Aristotle outlined in his treatise, that he wrote to his son, Nicomachus. Scientists call this work "Nicomachean Ethics".

According to the views of Aristotle, the true ethics are not just limited to the knowledge of the good, because the man, who knows the good, maybe carried away by sensual desires and make wrong actions. Aristotle believes that the main essence of ethics is the direction of a free and intelligent activity of the soul for good. First, this intelligent ethic activity is just the result of individual acts of free decision of the soul; but in practice it becomes habitual and becomes "consistent quality will," the same character features.

The main feature of the virtues of "Nicomachean Ethics", as Aristotle sees it, is to keep a reasonable balance between opposite extremes, because the extreme is the essence of the vices. For example, defects are the two extremes: the vanity and cowardice, and the middle between them is generosity - there is an ethical virtue. Among the virtues Aristotle refers courage and so on.

Moral activities of the soul, the true ethics are always directed to the highest good; because it leads to happiness. Without virtue there cannot be happiness that is the goal of life. But except the virtues, good physical health, good physique, material well-being are also necessary for happiness.

Writing "Nicomachean Ethics," Aristotle recognizes the importance of good physique and other good physical qualities because he considers them as necessary to be able to lead a virtuous life. Enjoyment, according to Aristotle, is a natural consequence of virtue; it is a sense of contentment, excited in the human mind that his actions are morally good. Good deeds are not covered by the definition of any element of the moral life as there is not only one virtue.

Aristotle's thesis, that any truly ethical action has its origin in the mind, inevitably leads him to recognize the opportunities for a person to freely choose between good and evil. "There is a virtue in our power, just like a vice, because we have power to act in all cases where we have the power to refrain from actions", - he writes in "Nicomachean Ethics".

That section of the teachings of Aristotle, which is called "practical philosophy", dedicated to the laws of rational and moral human activity. It is divided into three parts: ethics, the doctrine of economic activity and policy.

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100002319
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CREATED ON
October 18, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 19, 2016
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$12
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November 23, 2016
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