Interested in defining the welfare state? Basically, it’s a certain concept of the government where the state plays an important role in both the promotion and protection of the economic and social well-being of all citizens. This important concept is based on such fundamental principles as the fair distribution of wealth, equal opportunities to everyone, and public responsibility for those people who can’t avail themselves of minimum provisions for good living.
This term is general and it may cover different forms of both social and economic organizations. Many reputable sociologists and other qualified scientists describe the modern welfare state as the right combination of welfare, democracy, and capitalism. Some of the most famous examples of modern welfare states include France, Germany, Norway, and many others because they all use the system called the Nordic model. The most developed welfare state systems are classified into 3 basic categories, including liberal, conservative, and social-democratic.
Besides, all welfare states must include the transfer of finds from the state to provided services, such as education and healthcare, and directly to people. They are funded via special taxes and offered as the mixed economy type because their taxes include larger income taxes for people who have higher income levels, and they are also called progressive. This is what helps such states decrease their existing income gaps between poor and rich citizens.
The most important elements of all modern welfare states must include their social security (child benefits and income support), housing (problem estates, owner occupation), healthcare (free medical treatments), education (free education and high standards), and personal social services (child and community care). All of these basic components are called the pillars of any effective social policy and they are a part of the progress of all modern welfare states. It definitely took a lot of time until they turned into their modern condition.
In conclusion, the modern model of such states is mainly distinguished from the earlier forms of poverty relief programs according to their comprehensive and universal character. The activities of modern states of this type are extended to the provision of in-kind welfare services and cash welfare, and they are equally important.
Interested in defining the welfare state? Basically, it’s a certain concept of the government where the state plays an important role in both the promotion and protection of the economic and social well-being of all citizens.