James Chadwick is not a person, who is well-known for everyone. But yet he had made one of the most important inventions in the sphere of science. This man discovered the neutron, and with the help of this he allowed the world of medicine, science and technology to be like they are in the modern world. With the absence of this discovering, the world, especially the scientific aspect, might not be the same as we know today.
Being born in the England to a family of the middle class, James studied in boarding school. It was the year 1907, when Chadwick entered to the University of Manchester. At this time he found that physics is the one subject what is interested him most of all. Being a student, James Chadwick wanted to be a mathematician, but later he understood his mistake, because he was interested in the other sphere.
In 1913, James received the master’s degree and moved to Germany because there he was going to work with Hans Geiger. Working in this county, James Chadwick was the first, but so young scientist who could demonstrate there is a range of energies in beta particles. The political events and different revolutions changed the world, but James was trapped into this science. And he worked in Germany, when the World War I started. That’s why he was imprisoned in a horse stall which played the role of internment camp in the shortest terms. It was really terrible time in the whole world, and it continued for four awful years, which are remained now with the blood and millions of deaths. People from many European countries were against each other, fighting to death. There was not faith, respect and neutrality between the nations; they were ready to murder all the rest residents of the world. And at the same time the smartest and the most intelligent man was locked up in a horse stall.
James Chadwick was a prisoner in Germany for four years. And when World War I ended, he returned to his motherland. He rejoined his mentor Ernest Rutherford and worked with him in his native England. In 1921 James Chadwick was made as an assistant director of the lab in Cambridge University’s nuclear physics.
The own research of James Chadwick focused on radioactivity. Rutherford discovered the proton in 1919, and it was the positively charged particle which is located within the atom’s nucleus. But later Rutherford, Chadwick and other researchers found that seems to be that the proton is not the only particle in nucleus. But first discovers belong to the James Chadwick.
James Chadwick is not a person, who is well-known for everyone. But yet he had made one of the most important inventions in the sphere of science. This man discovered the neutron, and with the help of this he allowed the world of medicine, science and technology to be like they are in the modern world.