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The Wars Of The Roses: fight between British dynasties

The war broken out in England in the second half of the 15th century was caused by the difficult national economic situation after the defeat in Hundred Years' War, as well as constant feudal civil discords and infighting among the aristocratic class. All this, plus the failure of King Henry VI to govern the country due to his dementia led to significant changes in the English public life.

Thus, England is inflamed with internecine conflicts. Besides, Richard the Duke of York, descended from the Plantagenet dynasty that had the emblem of a white rose, begins to challenge the throne from Henry VI and the Lancastrian dynasty, the symbol of which was a red rose. As a result, England is divided into two parties, which enter into the thirty years bloody civil war. Despite a rival pretender to the English throne falls in one of the battles, his son defeats the King's army, imprisons Henry VI and becomes King of England under the name of Edward IV. The red rose defenders attempt to cast him from the throne that is why the King orders to put the captive Henry VI to death. After the death of Edward IV, his brother, the Duke of Gloucester, the guardian of the young sons of Edward IV, and Regent of the Kingdom commands to strangle his nephews and seizes the throne under the name of Richard III. However, Henry Tudor, a representative of the Lancaster dynasty robs him of the throne. He gets married to the daughter of Edward IV in order to put the end to the dynastic strife, thus uniting both roses in its coat of arms.

The war of the roses was the last feudal civil conflict in England. It heavily weakened the aristocracy of both parties, representatives, of which had been killed during the war and numerous coups. Meanwhile, it is the aristocracy that played the pivotal part in the state life being the leading force in the Parliament. As in the course of the war, the power was constantly changing, each side tried to strengthen the influence in the Parliament - it became a weapon against the enemy.

Another reason of the weakening of Parliament was the strengthening of the House of Commons, represented by the middle and petty nobility. However, it did not make the Parliament stronger. The war-worn nation was more likely to expect peace from the Royal power, rather than from the Parliament. Thus, during the reign of Tudors, the Parliament was playing the second fiddle. The Tudor dynasty reigned for about 120 years.

The war broken out in England in the second half of the 15th century was caused by the difficult national economic situation after the defeat in Hundred Years' War, as well as constant feudal civil discords and infighting among the aristocratic class. All this, plus the failure of King Henry VI to govern the country due to his dementia led to significant changes in the English public life.

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Assignment ID
100002239
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CREATED ON
October 19, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 20, 2016
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$40
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