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Brown Versus Board of Education

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka turned to be a landmark United States Supreme Court case, suggesting the Court declared state laws, which establish separate public schools for black and white learners to be unconstitutional. The decision dared to overturn the Plessy v. Ferguson verdict of 1896, allowing state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it dealt with public education. Handed down in 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous verdict stated that separate educational facilities appear to be inherently unequal. Therefore, de jure racial segregation was considered to be a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution. That ruling paved the way for integration and turned to be a great victory of the Civil Rights Movement as well as a model for many future impact litigation cases. Additionally, the decision's fourteen pages didn’t spell out any method for ending racial segregation in educational institutions, and the Court's second verdict in Brown II just ordered states to desegregate with decent speed.

For much of the sixty years preceding the Brown case, American race relations had been dominated by racial segregation. The given policy had been endorsed in 1896 by the US Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson, stating that as long as the separate facilities for the separate races turn to be equal, segregation couldn’t violate the Fourteenth Amendment.

The plaintiffs in Brown actually asserted that the system of racial separation should provide separate, though equal treatment of both white and black US citizens, instead perpetuated inferior accommodations, treatment and services for black Americans. Racial segregation in education ranged widely from the 17 states that actually needed racial segregation to the 16, where it was prohibited. Brown was under great influence of UNESCO's 1950 Statement, signed by many internationally renowned scholars, and dubbed The Race Question. The declaration denounced previous attempts to scientifically justify racism, racism was heavily condemned. Another work cited by the Supreme Court was Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy, issued in 1944. Myrdal had turned to be a signatory of the UNESCO declaration. The substantial study carried out by the educational psychologists Kenneth B. Clark as well as Mamie Phipps Clark also had rather a huge impact on the Court's decision.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka turned to be a landmark United States Supreme Court case, suggesting the Court declared state laws, which establish separate public schools for black and white learners to be unconstitutional. The decision dared to overturn the Plessy v. Ferguson verdict of 1896, allowing state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it dealt with public education.

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100002228
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CREATED ON
October 19, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 20, 2016
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$11
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