The United States Marine Corps War Memorial or to put it another way, Iwo Jima Memorial appears to be a national monument in Arlington, Virginia, American. Installed 62 years ago in 1954,it’s situated in Arlington Ridge Park, precisely at the back entrance to Arlington National Cemetery and also next to the Netherlands Carillon. The war memorial is dedicated to all American Marine Corps personnel who have perished in the defense of the USA since 1775.
The memorial was inspired by the iconic 1945 picture of six Marines raising an American flag atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima, World War II. The picture was was taken by Joe Rosenthal, Associated Press combat photographer. Upon first seeing the picture, sculptor Felix de Weldon managed to create a maquette for a sculpture built around the picture in a single weekend at Patuxent River Naval Air Station, Maryland, where he was serving in the Navy. In broad cooperation with architect Horace W. Peaslee, he designed this memorial. Congress was offered their proposal, but financing wasn’t real during the war. In 1947, a federal foundation was organized ust to raise funds for the memorial.
A colossal sculpture group illustrating the six Marines, raising the second replacement US flag atop Mount Suribachi, February 23, 1945 turns to be the centerpiece of the memorial. They were Corporal Harlon Block, Marine Sergeant Michael Strank, Private First Class Ira Hayes, Private First Class Rene Gagnon, Private First Class Harold Schultz and Private First Class Franklin Sousley.
Marine Sergeant Bill Genaust, a combat motion picture cameraman had an opportunity to record the flag-raising. He filmed the event in color while the footage made by Genaust was included in the 1945 newsreel dubbed Carriers Hit Tokyo. The Japanese killed him after entering a cave on Iwo Jima during the battle. Genaust's remains weren’t discovered.
In 1951, the commission for the memorial was awarded. De Weldon spent up to three years working on a full-sized master model in plaster, 32 feet tall. It was disassembled just like a giant puzzle, and every peace was separately cast in bronze. Peaslee's base for the memorial is carved of black diabase granite from a quarry in Lönsboda, a tiny town in the southernmost province of Sweden. It comes with a number of inscriptions. Construction of the memorial burst out
The United States Marine Corps War Memorial or to put it another way, Iwo Jima Memorial appears to be a national monument in Arlington, Virginia, American. Installed 62 years ago in 1954,it’s situated in Arlington Ridge Park, precisely at the back entrance to Arlington National Cemetery and also next to the Netherlands Carillon.