The Latin American and Caribbean region has undergone many cases of injustice and political strife. In order to improve the quality of life, people had to arrange a revolutionary movement. All of the revolutionary movements that aimed to allow more freedom for people had to overcome political oppression and social deficiencies. The revolutionary movements in Peru and that within Nicaragua are the most notable.
People from Peru, including those living in the remote jungle and mountain villages, students from universities, and people from the shantytowns surrounding Lima decided to fight against oppression for indigenous people. People suffering from oppression and dissatisfaction finally began to gather together to demand a change.
This revolutionary movement is known as the Shining Path. Many consider it the most violent and dangerous terrorist organization in the world.
Shining Path followed a neo-Maoist orientation. It was formed as a group of the Communist Party of Peru aiming to destruct the existing Peruvian government in favor of a socialist system.
Abimael Guzmán, the leader of the organization, knew that the revolution will cost millions of lives. By that time, there only were 19 million. The Shining Path attempted to attack community leaders, teachers, professors, and political leaders. The assassination of Benigno Medina in 1980 was the first case of "popular justice." In 1982, two teachers were killed in front of their students. Abimael Guzmán was captured in 1992, and this was the end of the Shining Path.
The Sandinista Revolution was another movement aiming to end oppression. The Somoza dynasty was imposed on Nicaragua. While the Somozas ruled the country, numerous elections were held. The political opposition tried to remove the Somozas but they failed. Any political processes were repressed by the National Guard, a private army. The government courts, as well as public administration, executed the ordered of Somozas. The people had to unite in the Sandinista revolution. This revolution brought Nicaragua a better constitution. It stimulated the development of the country in terms of social and economic values. For instance, the unemployment was significantly reduced. People had better possibilities to get better food and clothing. A lot of effort was thrown on land distribution and agrarian reforms. Women obtained a range of rights.
The Latin American and Caribbean region has undergone many cases of injustice and political strife. In order to improve the quality of life, people had to arrange a revolutionary movement. All of the revolutionary movements that aimed to allow more freedom for people had to overcome political oppression and social deficiencies.