Acid rain is a term appeared in our life in the course of industrialisation. Insatiable use of the planet resources, a huge scale burning fossil fuels, environmentally unfriendly technologies are striking indicators of the rapid industrial development which finally is accompanied by chemical pollution of water, air and soil. Acid rains are only one of the manifestations of such contaminating pollution.
First mentioned in the distant 1872, acid rains became truly relevant only in the second half of the 20th century. To understand how dangerous acid rains are for the mankind everyone should be aware of their disastrous effect on humans and the surroundings. Addressing the causes of the current ecological disaster is the first step in preventing these consequences.
Acid rains are caused by air pollution. If thirty years ago among the major global causes of the atmosphere compounds that oxidize rain were the industrial enterprises and thermal power stations, today this list is extended with road transport. Carbon monoxide fume of motor transport produces 40% nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere. The launch of a solid propellant rocket injects over 200 tonnes of hydrogen chloride and approximately 90 tonnes of nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere. The anthropogenic sources of sulphur oxides are chemical productions, metallurgical enterprises, thermal power stations, bulk storage petroleum, petrol filling stations, and various industrial and household solvents. The final result is the following: human activity supplies more than 60% sulphur compounds, about 40-50% nitrogen and 100% volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere.
Since the acid rain is a global scale issue, it can be solved only by consolidated efforts of worldwide communities. The real solution would be the reduction of enterprises emission activities both in the atmosphere and water. Thus, there are two possible ways out of the problem which is the termination of enterprise activity or the installation of expensive filters. One more impactful but long term solution is the building of ecologically safe manufacturing plants.
However, the principal role in these activities should be given to the man. Unfortunately, the man has been used to dissociating himself from the whole mankind claiming it is not he but the others who pollute the environment. Only the personal contribution of every society member to the environment greening will solve this problem. The respect for ecological culture should become the norm for everyone as well the education of the environmentally literate young people.
Acid rain is a term appeared in our life in the course of industrialisation. Insatiable use of the planet resources, a huge scale burning fossil fuels, environmentally unfriendly technologies are striking indicators of the rapid industrial development which finally is accompanied by chemical pollution of water, air and soil.