The United States of America, these words sound really great, but before all states decided to become a unified independent country, they were just ordinary colonies of other developed European countries. What was the reason of such intense development of the economy and political influence of states? Why these territories have become so powerful that declared themselves independent? Figure out this information together with us in our article about geographic conditions of the colonies. So, are you ready? Let’s discover this issue.
First, let’s consider New England colonies. These lands have many mountains and it caused a large number of rivers and forests. Because of the poor quality of lands, which was unsuitable for farming and the previous factor, agricultural industry was not developed enough. Moreover, the climate was very cold and severe. That is why people of these colonies usually bought cereal crops from other colonies, but sometimes they tried to grow wheat, corn, flax and other types of crops. The trade was the main source of income for people.
Second, if we want to talk about the Middle Colonies, we have to admit that unlike New England Colonies, these lands were only agricultural. The climate was favorable. There were frequent rains and lands were rich. Other colonies usually imported some types of crops from these states. Middle Colonies called "breadbasket” of North America. People grew such types of plants as wheat, oats and so on. However, despite the fact that the agrarian industry was developed very well, people continue to conduct trade between different states too.
Finally, as for Southern Colonies such as the Colony of Virginia, Georgia, Province of South Carolina and North Carolina we should mention about the richness of these lands. They were fertile too, because of the warm climate. These colonies had access to the sea. That is why there prevailed oceanic type climate with frequent rains, even flooding which often replaced in hot weather. Farmers produced indigo, rice, tobacco and cotton. Moreover, farmers also traded with British entrepreneurs and this cooperation was very profitable for both sides.
Therefore, previous states were able to get the independence because of profitable geographic conditions, which contributed to the development of the economy.
The United States of America, these words sound really great, but before all states decided to become a unified independent country, they were just ordinary colonies of other developed European countries.