"God died" or "God is dead" is Nietzsche’s statement. It appeared in the book "The Gay Science" written by a German philosopher in 1881-1882. It should be noted that in the story of Nietzsche all the people, who mocked at the madman looking for God, were shocked by his apparent blasphemy. In our today society, with a few exceptions, Nietzsche’s point of view retains its power and relevance.
Men and women are living as if God does not exist, at the same time, considering themselves religious people. In his dramatic story, Nietzsche manifests the tragic absurdity of the people’s state of being who are unable to reveal their true religious faith, and who in the meantime are astonished at the apparent atheism of others. For the average modern American, as well as for an ordinary citizen of Germany in the days of Nietzsche, there is practically no big difference whether God exists or not. More is the pity to admit that it is undeniable truth even despite the fact that, according to national surveys, 98 percent of Americans believe in God.
The words "God is dead" mean that the supersensible world has lost its effective influence, it doesn't give life anymore. Since God as the goal of everything real is dead, and the supersensible world has lost the strength to awake and create, there is nothing for a man to rely on or strive for. The words "God is dead" implicate the idea that "Nothing" is spreading everywhere. "Nothing" means here the absence of the supersensible, the mandatory world for a man to live in.
This is what Nietzsche apprehended while mentioning what might happen when modern men and women eventually realise that they keep on adhering to morality, the grounds of which they rejected long ago. To describe the potential events, Nietzsche uses a special term – "nihilism". Nihilism is a condition in which all essential values lose their significance. In other words, traditional moral values will never be used again, as soon as people grasp that their logical basis (God) does not exist in nature. Thus, Nietzsche is afraid that when the humanity awakes from sleep, the civilisation will be destroyed giving place to nihilism.
If the diagnosis of the German thinker is accurate, we need a new basis for morality or, according to Nietzsche, the so-called "revaluation of values". One of Nietzsche’s literary heroes, prophet Zarathustra encourages people to appreciate themselves and thereby create. However, the main thing is that on creating new values, people are to believe in them.
"God died" or "God is dead" is Nietzsche’s statement. It appeared in the book "The Gay Science" written by a German philosopher in 1881-1882. It should be noted that in the story of Nietzsche all the people, who mocked at the madman looking for God, were shocked by his apparent blasphemy.