A movie "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" directed by Miloš Forman can rightfully be considered the best American film of the 1970-ies. Life in all its diversity is presented to the viewer from the perspective of mentally ill people, both patients and staff of the psychiatric hospital. Later on, it becomes clear that in fact, the patients of the lunatic asylum are not crazy, but ordinary people seeking shelter from the mad society. The film is about the courageous struggle of a man against the system that by all means suppresses the freedom of the individual.
The movie title can be interpreted in different ways. In American slang, a "cuckoo's nest" is a madhouse. That’s why the flight over the nest symbolises the flight to freedom. Another meaning is that the cuckoo's nest is the nest without chicks. The mother has left them to the mercy of fate. In this context, a famous American principle can be traced – become a self-made man. In addition to these concepts, in my opinion, the main message of the director is the attitude of the individual to freedom.
The psychiatric hospital is a kind of a collective image, and more specifically a mini model of the modern society. This is a well-established system in which everyone has his duties, where everything works according to the strict schedule. This institution is a soulless machine with its laws, rules, norms of ethics and morality, and a mechanism producing submissive people and eliminating the “defects” of society.
The main advantage of the film is the fantastic acting of all the actors who perfectly matched their roles. Starring Jack Nicholson brilliantly played a pseudo brain-sick prisoner Patrick McMurphy. The subtlest emotions, feelings, fluctuations of the psyche, mood swings, gestures and facial expressions - all his talent and soul Jack gave to his character. Louise Fletcher managed to create the image of a devoid of pity and compassion health worker Ratched. Other actors also played their best; otherwise, the film would not have gained a lot of audience feedback about talented acting.
"One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" has touched upon the burning problems of the citizen and the state relationships, and revealed the problem of the confrontation of the individual with the totalitarian regime, making it clear that the authority does not have the power to break the human desire for freedom.
A movie "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" directed by Miloš Forman can rightfully be considered the best American film of the 1970-ies. Life in all its diversity is presented to the viewer from the perspective of mentally ill people, both patients and staff of the psychiatric hospital.