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The Symptoms of Manic Disorder

Manic (bipolar) disorder is a disorder characterized by recurrent (at least two) episodes, during which mood and level of activity is significantly impaired. At the same time, in some cases there can be seen the mood lift, increased mental and physical activity (mania or hypomania), while in other cases there can be depressed mood, decreased energy and activity (depression), as well as mixed states, when a patient has depression and mania symptoms simultaneously (for example, longing with overexcitement and anxiety, euphoria with dormancy), or a rapid change of symptoms (hypo) mania and (sub) depression.

There is no accurate data on the prevalence of bipolar disorder in the population. Due to the different understanding of the boundaries of this mental disorder, its prevalence figures range with an average of about 1%.

The symptoms of manic disorder are presented in two phases: manic phase and depressive phase.

The manic phase is represented by the triad of core symptoms: elevated mood, motor excitation, and ideational and mental stimulation. The manic phase consists of five stages:

  • Hypomanic stage is characterized by elevated mood, a feeling of upliftment, physical and mental vigor. Attention is characterized by increased distractibility. The sleep duration moderately reduces.
  • Stage of severe mania is characterized by a further increase of the severity of the major symptoms of the phase. Patients constantly joke and laugh with momentarily flashes of anger. Sleep duration is reduced to 3-4 hours per day.
  • Stage of manic frenzy is characterized by the maximum severity of the main symptoms. Sharply motor excitation is of chaotic nature.
  • Stage of motor sedation is characterized by reduction of the motor drive on the background of continuing high mood and speech excitation.
  • Reactive stage is characterized by the return of all the components of mania symptoms to normal.

The depressive phase is represented by triad of symptoms that are opposite to the manic phase: depressed mood, slow thinking, and motor retardation. There are four stages during the depressive phase:

  • The initial stage of depression is characterized by weakening of general mental tone, decreased mood, mental and physical performance.
  • Stage of growing depression is characterized by apparent decline in mood with the advent of the alarm component, sharp decline in physical and mental health, and motor retardation.
  • Stage of severe depression is when all symptoms reach maximum development.
  • Reactive stage is characterized by the gradual reduction of all symptoms.

Manic (bipolar) disorder is a disorder characterized by recurrent (at least two) episodes, during which mood and level of activity is significantly impaired.

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Assignment ID
100001828
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CREATED ON
September 23, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 24, 2016
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$28
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