Manic (bipolar) disorder is a disorder characterized by recurrent (at least two) episodes, during which mood and level of activity is significantly impaired. At the same time, in some cases there can be seen the mood lift, increased mental and physical activity (mania or hypomania), while in other cases there can be depressed mood, decreased energy and activity (depression), as well as mixed states, when a patient has depression and mania symptoms simultaneously (for example, longing with overexcitement and anxiety, euphoria with dormancy), or a rapid change of symptoms (hypo) mania and (sub) depression.
There is no accurate data on the prevalence of bipolar disorder in the population. Due to the different understanding of the boundaries of this mental disorder, its prevalence figures range with an average of about 1%.
The symptoms of manic disorder are presented in two phases: manic phase and depressive phase.
The manic phase is represented by the triad of core symptoms: elevated mood, motor excitation, and ideational and mental stimulation. The manic phase consists of five stages:
The depressive phase is represented by triad of symptoms that are opposite to the manic phase: depressed mood, slow thinking, and motor retardation. There are four stages during the depressive phase:
Manic (bipolar) disorder is a disorder characterized by recurrent (at least two) episodes, during which mood and level of activity is significantly impaired.