Volodymyr Monomakh was the son of Vsevolod I and Anastasia, a daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine IX Monomakh. In 1067, he became the prince of Smolensk, and later, with in 1078, he became the prince of Chernigov. In the period from 1113 until 1125, Monomakh occupied the great throne of Kiev. He showed himself not only as a strong ruler, but also as a successful military leader, and writer.
Prince Volodymyr Monomakh sought to maintain peaceful relations and avoid quarrels between the Russian feudal lords. But, paradoxically, peacekeeping aspirations of Monomakh often led to bloody strife. In 1077, he fought against the Polovtsy. In 1078, Monomakh took part in the internecine dispute about Kiev principality, which eventually went to his father. The same year he received from his father the reign of the Chernigov land where, in Lyubech, he built the castle that could withstand a serious siege.
As a prince of Smolensk, Volodymyr, not only sought to establish peaceful relations with the neighboring princes, but also helped them in the fights against the enemies. He was the organizer of congresses of feudal princes in Liubech and in Vitichev.
Despite the fact that his father bequeathed the great Kiev principality to him, Volodymyr Monomakh gave up this great honor and named his cousin the prince of Kiev. Later, Monomakh provided his assistance in campaigns against the Polovtsian nomads.
The reign years of Volodymyr Monomakh were marked by a continuous struggle with Polovtsy. In an effort to promote peace in Russian lands Volodymyr helped feudal princes in the fight against the nomads. He was a supporter of the offensive policy and organized deep raids into the Polovtsian territories. He actively used people’s militia to organize his military trips.
In 1116, Monomakh took part in the war against Byzantium, supporting the deposed Emperor Diogenes, who was married to his daughter Mary. The war stopped after the death of Diogenes. Same year, the son of Monomakh, Mstislav, was sent to the campaign against the Polovtsian.
The reign of Prince Volodymyr Monomakh led to a serious economic and political strengthening of Rus. It was the heyday of culture and literature. Volodymyr was a well-educated man and had an undoubted literary talent. He wrote Testament of Volodymyr Monomakh to Children. Addressing the reader, the prince urges to do good deeds and have the fear of God in the heart. Also, in the Testament Volodymyr Monomakh gives some practical recommendations: not to rely on the commanders in the war, establish a strict order and demand the respect for it, not to leave the weapon in turbulent times, etc.
Volodymyr Monomakh was the son of Vsevolod I and Anastasia, a daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine IX Monomakh. In 1067, he became the prince of Smolensk, and later, with in 1078, he became the prince of Chernigov. In the period from 1113 until 1125, Monomakh occupied the great throne of Kiev.