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History of Counseling

Counselling is one of the main applications of practical psychology. Counselling, as a rule, represents a direct work with the person, family or group, aimed at addressing personal and interpersonal issues with the help of advisory conversation means, as well as at the development of the person or group with the means of this conversation.

Counselling is also organized in a special way – in the form of a dialogue – interpersonal interaction.

According to an expert in the field of psychological counseling Rimantas Kociunas, this professional activity occurred in response to the needs of people who not having clinical disorders were still looking for psychological help. That is why, specialists of psychological counseling first of all help people who have difficulties in their daily lives, activities, communications, and so on.

Counselling appeared, substantially being filled with a variety of theories – psychological, psychotherapeutic, philosophical, social, and advisory.

The emergence of psychological counseling theories is influenced by socio-historical (characteristics of public organization, social problems of time, when the creator of the theory leaves, changes in society, and others) and cultural factors (differences in cultures, where theories are being formed). Theories creators often create their own theories, solving their own problems, while expressing or reflecting their own personality, with a strong interest in the recording and transmission of ideas.

Objectives of the counseling depend on the particular psychological school:

  • Behavioral-oriented direction in the counseling aims to change human behavior.
  • The aim of existential direction is to help understand a life. The support provided by the consultant to the client is aimed at finding client’s own direction in life with the use of insights. This process involves understanding the goals and intentions of the person, as well as general attitude toward life.

Generally speaking, the goal of psychological counseling is to help the client to solve the problem. It is essential to understand and change ineffective behaviors in order to make important decisions, solve problems, achieve goals, and live in harmony with oneself and the world.

Counselling in psychology is different from psychotherapy, although there is no a clear distinction between them. Psychotherapy focuses on the change in the person, while psychological counseling uses the resources available to clients. Psychological counseling focuses on information and explanation. Therapists usually deal with more severe disabilities and problems. Psychotherapy is a medical term, while the counseling is not.

Counselling is one of the main applications of practical psychology. Counselling, as a rule, represents a direct work with the person, family or group, aimed at addressing personal and interpersonal issues with the help of advisory conversation means, as well as at the development of the person or group with the means of this conversation.

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100001796
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CREATED ON
September 24, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 25, 2016
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