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The very great history of Greek Theatre

No one knows for sure how theatre was found in ancient Greece. There are some interesting versions but many historians thinks that the Greek theatre began with festivals honoring their gods and goddesses. The festival honoring Dionysus, the god of vine called "City Dionysia". There were many drunken people wearing goat skins and singing songs to welcome Dionysus. So these festivals is considered to be the play of birth of Greek theatre. These plays were only shown at City Dionysia festival.

The main place of these theatrical traditions was Athens. Athenians tried to spread these traditions to promote the idea of common identity. At the early Greek festivals, it was normal when the actors, directors, and dramatists were all the same person. After some period of time only three people were allowed to take part in each play. Because of limited number of people allowed to be on-stage, the chorus became a very important part of Greek Theatre. In addition, the chorus wonderfully merged with the musical background.

Another special feature of Greek theatre were masks. The actors used these masks to make their voice stronger and louder and to reveal the theatrical drama and theme. People were quiet afraid of these masks because they had intensely exaggerated facial features and expressions. The masks were made of linen or cork, so none have survived.

Satyr, tragedy and comedy plays were the theatrical forms. Tragedy and comedy were absolutely separated. So at the first time Greek theatre focused on tragic topics that are still important for the nowadays audience. The man called Thespis is considered to be the first Greek actor and the founder of tragedy. By the way, the word tragedy translates from “goat song”. This phrase came from Dionysus festival when people had to dance around goats for a big prize. The main topic of Greek tragedies was mythology.

Comedy is also a very significant part of Greek theatre. At the same time, we don’t have any information about its origin. Aristophanes wrote most of the comedy plays but unfortunately, the number of survived plays is really small.

Greek playwrights. Aeschylus was the first man who introduced a second actor. Sophocles introduced the third actor during the performance. Also he wrote a lot of great plays and won many awards. Euripides is also worth mentioning. He wrote over ninety plays, including “Medea,” “Hercules,” and “The Trojan Women.”

No one knows for sure how theatre was found in ancient Greece. There are some interesting versions but many historians thinks that the Greek theatre began with festivals honoring their gods and goddesses. The festival honoring Dionysus, the god of vine called "City Dionysia". There were many drunken people wearing goat skins and singing songs to welcome Dionysus.

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100001794
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CREATED ON
September 25, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 26, 2016
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$30
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