Hate crimes are also bias or prejudice-motivated, and they happen when perpetrators target their victims based on their membership in certain social groups. For example, people can fall victims of such crimes because of their disabilities, gender, ethnical origins, languages, nations, religions, and so on. Those non-criminal actions that are often motivated by these causes are called bias incidents.
Hate crimes refer to the criminal acts that were motivated by people’s bias against the above-mentioned factors and their derivatives. They involve damaging property, physical assault, bullying, verbal abuses, harassment, mate crimes, insults, and so on. Special hate crime laws are designed to deter this type of violence and punish responsible individuals. They are distinct from the laws against hate speeches because they enhance punishments. These days, these crimes become a serious problem because many people still lack the necessary understanding of diversity principles and tolerance in the society.
All hate crimes can be divided into specific groups or types. First, there are racist hate crimes, and people can become their victims due to their skin color, the country of their origin, and the language they speak. Hate crimes can be homophobic because they are targeted against people who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual. Religious hate crimes are about attacking some people only because of their religious beliefs or their lack.
Nowadays, there are many sectarian hate crimes, and this is where people are attacked due to their community backgrounds, such as being Protestants or Catholics, or because of their political opinions, like being loyalists or nationalists. People can become the victims of transgender hate crimes if their gender identity is different from the birth sex. Finally, disability hate crimes are against victims because of their mental or physical disability that they appear to have or really have.
It’s true that all crimes are the signs of people’s hate, but if they are committed against people because of their religious beliefs, skin colors, gender, and other reasons, they are considered attacks against their identity. Courts take these crimes quite seriously, so they often provide criminals with stronger prison sentences if they are found guilty in committing the above-mentioned crimes.
Hate crimes are also bias or prejudice-motivated, and they happen when perpetrators target their victims based on their membership in certain social groups. For example, people can fall victims of such crimes because of their disabilities, gender, ethnical origins, languages, nations, religions, and so on.