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The History of Women’s Voting Rights

Women’s voting rights are the right of women to participate in elections of people’s representatives. It includes the right to elect and to be elected.

Until the 19th century, women’s right to vote was granted locally and was usually accompanied by additional restrictions (property qualification, position in the family, society, and so on). Then a period of increased activity movement for women’s suffrage began. This led to its consolidation in international law in the middle of the 20th century.

Currently, women’s voting rights are introduced in most countries of the world. One of the first countries to introduce women’s suffrage was New Zealand (1893), Australia (1902) and the Russian Empire (1906). One of the last countries was Kuwait (2005), United Arab Emirates (2006), and Saudi Arabia (2011).

The right to vote for women was part of international law in 1948, when the countries of the Organization of American States adopted the Inter-American Convention on the consolidation of political rights of women, and the United Nations – Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Women’s voting rights is enshrined in the Convention on the Political Rights of Women and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, adopted by the UN in 1952 and in 1979 respectively.

Patriarchal organization of most communities suggested that women and men have different social functions, and thus granted them different sets of rights and obligations. Women were usually in the position of dependence on father or husband, and that is why their property and civil rights, including the right to elect and to be elected, were often limited.

In different countries, women gained the right to vote at different times. In many countries, this has happened before the introduction of universal suffrage, which is why women of certain races and social status were not able to vote.

In medieval France and some other European countries, heads of families, regardless of sex, had the right to vote on urban elections and assemblies. The origins of the modern movement for suffrage for women can be found in France of the 18th century in the works of Antoine Condorcet and Olympe de Gouges, who fought for its introduction across the country.

In 1756, Lydia Taft became the first woman to win the right to vote in the United States. She used it at least three times during town meetings in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, with the consent of other voters.

Women’s voting rights are the right of women to participate in elections of people’s representatives. It includes the right to elect and to be elected.

Until the 19th century, women’s right to vote was granted locally and was usually accompanied by additional restrictions (property qualification, position in the family, society, and so on).

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100001763
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CREATED ON
September 25, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 26, 2016
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$36
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