The freedom of expression or speech is an important civil right guaranteed by the constitution and other laws to all people. Besides, it’s a major element of any democratic society, so it’s hard to imagine any well-developed country without it, especially when it comes to America. For people, it’s easy to determine if a given society is democratic or not according to the independence of mass media and press.
Basically, the freedom of expression and speech may bring to control over different state authorities exercised by people and maintain the self-controlled society, and it’s one of the main demands of democracy. Any self-controlled society means that it can make own decisions, and this step can be taken only if people feel free to exchange their opinions on different matters. Many famous and talented people express their conceptions of this subject, including Abraham Lincoln who claims that people should be aware of important facts to make the country calm.
The mass media is an effective tool to exercise the freedom of expression and speed in any democratic society. It has a number of key functions, including spreading and gathering unique information, covering different events, controlling the activities of all state authorities, and so on. Many people believe that the mass media is the 4th power after legislative, executive, and judiciary. The society may control such authorities only in the case when people are aware of their actions and have their right to intervene when needed. For instance, they can do that through voting in elections.
To specify the important role of the freedom of expression and speech in America, people should know the demands of democracy about the mass media. The key one is that press can criticize state authorities when their politicians and officials make mistakes, while news need to stimulate this criticizing attitude toward the main political course of these authorities, and entertaining programs must be defined according to the audience’s tastes and preferences.
In summary, the mass media is the most effective instrument for any democratic society to exercise its freedom of expression, but people can’t enjoy both freedoms of expression and speech at the same time in different situations, so their freedom of speech may have certain limits that should be considered by every citizen.
The freedom of expression or speech is an important civil right guaranteed by the constitution and other laws to all people. Besides, it’s a major element of any democratic society, so it’s hard to imagine any well-developed country without it, especially when it comes to America.