The impact of generic engineering on the environment and different eco-systems is obvious, especially when evaluating how GMO plants and organisms are planted in fields. For example, agriculture used to convert biologically different natural grasslands, native forests, and wetlands to make them agriculturally productive and valuable systems, which are less diverse than initial natural environments.
These agro-ecosystems produced by specific agricultural activities are utilized to produce food, feed, and fiber. Besides, the impact on genetic engineering on the environment depends on the intensity of cultivating GMO crops and the inputs that are required by such plants, including different fertilizers and pesticides. The impact that all kinds of genetically engineered or modified organisms have on eco-systems also depends on how basic farming processes and practices are managed. People should evaluate how important farm inputs are managed in fields and analyze tillage practices in addition to disposing and using crop residues.
Like with all the other crops, the genetically engineered ones have negative effects on the environment if pesticides, fertilizers, tillage, and other harmful products or inputs are not managed accurately and effectively. The negative impact of the poor management and production of such crops and plants can be noticed in such important areas as the soil, water, and biodiversity.
That’s why efficient eco-friendly approaches should be taken, including no-tillage systems, crop rotations, and integrated pest management. They will allow genetically engineered and modified organisms to have less negative effects on existing eco-systems. There are still certain environmental risks and dangers associated with such organisms. For example, when genetic materials are combined through specific genetic engineering methods, new organisms are created, but they have a high risk of contaminating wild plants. The negative results of this kind of pollution are hard to predict by anyone, including the supporters of genetic engineering.
Finally, many environmentalists state that the long-term impact of this pollution may include a range of negative aspects, including different effects on plants, insects, animals, and reduce their biodiversity considerably in the near future.
The impact of generic engineering on the environment and different eco-systems is obvious, especially when evaluating how GMO plants and organisms are planted in fields.