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Erikson – Freud: let’s compare their theories

Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory as well as Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory are two outstanding theories of development. While influenced by Freud's ideas, Erikson's work differed in a number of important ways.

Just like Freud, Erikson was assured that personality develops in a bunch of predetermined stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson described the actual impact of social experience across the whole lifespan.

Now, we’re going to compare and contrast these two theories by simply looking at some of the key similarities as well as differences at every stage.

Freud's stages of psychosexual development

  • Freud dubbed it the oral stage.
  • At this point of development, a kid’s major source of pleasure is through the mouth by means of sucking, eating and eating and tasting.
  • Problems with this stage can generate an oral fixation.

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development

  • Erikson dubbed it the trust versus mistrust stage.
  • Kids learn to either mistrust or trust their caregivers.
  • The care, provided by adults, determines whether kids develop this sense of trust in the world around them or not.
  • Kids, who don’t get adequate as well as dependable care might develop a sense of mistrust of others and the world in general.

Psychosexual development:

  • Freud dubbed this stuff the anal stage of development.
  • Kids gain a sense of mastery and competence by simply controlling bladder and bowel movements.
  • Those kids who succeed at this stage successfully develop a sense of capability and productivity.
  • Others, who have problems at this stage might develop an anal fixation. As adults, they might me extremely messy or orderly.

Psychosocial development:

  • Erikson dubbed it the autonomy versus shame and doubt stage.
  • Kids develop self-sufficiency by controlling such activities as toilet training, eating and talking.
  • Those who succeed at this stage develop a strong sense of independence. Accordingly, those who struggle will doubt themselves.

Freud's theory:

  • Freud called it the phallic stage.
  • The libido's energy is mostly focused on the genitals. Kids start identifying with their same-sex parent.
  • Boys experience the Oedipus complex while girls face the Electra complex.

Erikson's theory:

  • Erikson's dubbed it the initiative versus guilt stage.
  • Kids start taking more control over their environment.
  • Those who are successful enough at this stage develop a sense of purpose while those who struggle, are bound to have a feelings of guilt.

Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory as well as Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory are two outstanding theories of development. While influenced by Freud's ideas, Erikson's work differed in a number of important ways.

Just like Freud, Erikson was assured that personality develops in a bunch of predetermined stages.

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Assignment ID
100001648
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CREATED ON
September 25, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 26, 2016
Price
$49
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Essay Example Comments
harimi126796
November 20, 2016
harimi126796
He is fast at doing the work, perfectly done. he is trustable and friendly.
jessrfran16
September 23, 2016
jessrfran16
Did an awesome job
kerrijoysmith18
September 22, 2016
kerrijoysmith18
Not really across legal concepts, needed rewriting but a start for me to go from. Did not read the instructions and if read would have been fine.