Heart of Darkness is an interesting story written by Joseph Conrad and it contains a number of great metaphors that play an important role in the plot. For example, the Congo River is described as the method by which European people enter this region in addition to being their basic transportation strategy. Some readers may call this river as a symbol of danger, and the journey of Marlow, one of the main characters, is quite arduous and time-consuming so that it turns into a difficulty and slow endeavor.
Besides, darkness is another significant symbol included by the author in this popular novel. The tale of Marlow opens and closes in the darkness while many important events also happen this way. As a crucial metaphor, darkness is used to represent the core of people’s being, as this is something remained when different comforts and illusions of civilizations are eliminated.
When Marlow arrives at Kurtz’s station for the first time, he imagines that he sees the line of ornamented posts that surround the main house. However, after his closer inspection, he understands that these posts are topped by decapitated human heads, and they provide him with the most direct evidence that the insanity of Kurtz while also symbolizing the brutal and savage nature of people.
Ivory is the number one reason why European people decided to come to Congo, so it’s a metaphor of their greed and lust. As a valuable object, ivory is beautiful and pure, but the methods of acquiring it by people are quite ugly. Moreover, it’s used by the author as the symptom or metaphor of European culture or whiteness.
The Intended is the fiancée of Kurtz, and she represents all the important morals and values that European people want to bring to this region because their greed for ivory makes all kinds of altruistic actions impossible. The painting of Kurtz is the image of some blindfolded woman who is carrying a torch, which is an important metaphor in the plot because it reminds readers of the blindfolded symbol of justice. This symbol is included by the writer to introduce a number of tremendous injustices created by European people, and the female figure also represents their colonization. Her torch is the light of European culture that Europeans want to bring to this country. In summary, all of these basic metaphors are essential for the main plot of this popular novel so that they should be noticed.
Heart of Darkness is an interesting story written by Joseph Conrad and it contains a number of great metaphors that play an important role in the plot. For example, the Congo River is described as the method by which European people enter this region in addition to being their basic transportation strategy.