The Civil Rights Movement or in other words, 1960s Civil Rights Movement and also dubbed The African-American Civil Rights Movement, encompasses social movements in America, whose objectives were to end racial segregation as well as discrimination against African Americans and also to secure legal recognition and also federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution as well as federal law. In this particular review we’re going to cover the phase of the movement during the period 1954-1968, especially in the South. The leadership turned to be African-American, and much of the financial and political support came from labor unions headed by Walter Reuther, key religious denominations, not to mention outstanding white Democratic Party politicians, including Lyndon B. Johnson, Hubert Humphrey, to say nothing of white Republican Party politicians, including Senator Everett Dirksen and Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
The movement can be characterized by powerful campaigns of civil resistance. Between 1955 and 1968, acts of nonviolent protest as well as civil disobedience generated a number of crisis situations, productive dialogues between activists and government authorities. State, federal, and local governments, communities, businesses often had to respond immediately to such situations, which spurred the inequities experienced by African Americans. Forms of protest as well as civil disobedience included boycotts. For instance, these were the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott in Alabama (1955–56), the influential Greensboro sit-ins (1960), North Carolina, various marches, including the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) in Alabama, not to mention a wide array of other nonviolent activities.
This phase of the Civil Rights Movement witnessed the passage of a number of key pieces of federal legislation. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, banned discrimination based on color, race, sex, religion or national origin in employment practices and concluded unequal application of voter registration requirements as well as racial segregation in educational institutions, at the workplace, and also by public accommodations. Additionally, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 restored and also protected voting rights for minorities. As for The Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965, it removed racial as well as national barriers and also opened the way for black immigrants from the Western Hemisphere and Africa. In 1968, The Fair Housing Act banned discrimination in the sale or rental of housing. In the South, African Americans re-entered politics, and across the country young folks were inspired to take action.
The Civil Rights Movement or in other words, 1960s Civil Rights Movement and also dubbed The African-American Civil Rights Movement, encompasses social movements in America, whose objectives were to end racial segregation as well as discrimination against African Americans and also to secure legal recognition and also federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the