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Mikhail Gorbachev, Russian History

Mikhail Gorbachev was the general secretary of the CPSU and the president of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

Mikhail Gorbachev was born in 1931 in Stavropol region into a peasant family. In 1942, he was in German occupation for about a year. At 16 he was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor. In 1950, after graduating from high school with a silver medal he was enrolled at the Law Faculty at Lomonosov Moscow State University without exams. He actively participated in the activities of the Komsomol organization of the University, and in 1952 he joined the Communist Party. After graduation in 1955, he worked as deputy head of agitation and propaganda department of the Stavropol Regional Committee of the Young Communist League, the First Secretary of the Stavropol Komsomol, then the second and first secretary of the regional committee of Komsomol.

In 1962, Gorbachev joined the party organs. The Party career of Gorbachev started with the position the Party organizer of Stavropol territorial production Agriculture. In 1967, he graduated from the Stavropol Agricultural Institute.

In December 1962, Gorbachev was appointed as the head of the department of organizational-party work in Stavropol Regional Committee of the Agriculture Committee. In 1971, Mikhail Gorbachev became a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

1985 was a landmark in the history of the country and the party. The era of stagnation ended, and there was the time of change and attempts to reform the party and the state. This period was called perestroika in the country’s history, and was associated with the idea of perfection of socialism. Gorbachev began a large-scale anti-alcohol campaign, which gave rise to a new set of problems.

In 1986-1987, hoping to arouse the initiative of the masses, Gorbachev and his team has embarked on the development of transparency and democratization of all aspects of social life.

In March 1989, the first free elections in the history of the USSR took place, the results of which have caused a shock in the party apparatus. In many regions, secretaries of party committees have failed the elections. Many science professionals became the deputies, who critically assessed the role of the CPSU in society. The Congress of People’s Deputies in May the same year demonstrated rigid confrontation of different currents in society and in the parliamentary environment. During this congress, Gorbachev was elected as the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Gorbachev’s actions have caused a wave of growing criticism. Some criticized him for slow and inconsistent reforms, others – for haste. Everybody noted his contradictory policies.

Mikhail Gorbachev was the general secretary of the CPSU and the president of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

Mikhail Gorbachev was born in 1931 in Stavropol region into a peasant family. In 1942, he was in German occupation for about a year. At 16 he was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor.

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100001613
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CREATED ON
September 24, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 25, 2016
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$31
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Essay Example Comments
littlemissSunshine7737
December 5, 2016
littlemissSunshine7737
good job!
angelq201462
December 4, 2016
angelq201462
Other than just a few minor corrections. She is a great writer..... I will request her services again..
lucylulu72382
December 1, 2016
lucylulu72382
good!